toronto building code decks

(2) The top rail of a guard is permitted to serve as a handrail if it is free from obstructions that could break a handhold. (1) and (2). Property Owners, if exempted, from Qualification / Certification, they must fill-in the form to specify the reason for exemption. Toronto Building Customer Service counter. This in depth section will teach DIY builders to frame a deck, from installing a ledger board and frost footings to framing the perimeter of the deck. The majority of amendments come into effect January 1, 2020. One specific requirement is that the space between the surface and the bottom rail should not be more than 4”. Here is a list of things to consider before building your new deck. To excavate the footing you can either use a hand clam shovel combined with a metal pry bar to loosen the soil and remove stones, rent a hydraulic auger (we do not recommend using a 2 man auger) or hire a company specializing in footing drilling. Ultimately the choice comes down to personal taste and your dedication to regularly protecting, maintaining, and revitalizing your deck. Build Code 2017. Customers also have the option to attend ANY Toronto Building Customer Service counter to make an application for any of the services listed above. Pressure treated and exotic woods are generally more resistant to rot and insect infestation, than the cedars and redwoods. They will also have a great understanding of the Toronto deck building code and how to obtain a city of Toronto deck building permit for you. It may be time to call your local professional Toronto deck contractor. The Guidelines provide information regarding the design and construction of wood porches and decks, including Chicago Building Code and For example: when selling your home, the buyers demand to see the plans for the deck and know it adheres to Building Code. The best decks begin with a well-built foundation and a good plan or design. Survey or site plan showing property lines, lot area, right-of-way or easements (referenced to a current survey). Foundation to support wood columns must be extended to a depth below frost penetration. The cost can be roughly 3x the price than that of a deck built with pressure treated wood. Washing periodically with water and soap will help keep your composite deck fresh and new. The process of framing a deck includes creating connections between joists, beams and support posts in order to build a code compliant deck structure. There are several deck builders in Toronto you can choose, but how do you know you’re choosing the right one for your backyard project? Application for a Permit to Construct or Demolish. You may dream of an oasis far from the madding crowd or an outdoor kitchen that would rival any cooking show or a gathering place for all the neighbourhood kids. This is a popular option for those who lament having to maintain their deck. Generally, if your deck is over 2 feet in elevation and/or is over 108 sq. It’s free – call 1-800-400-2255 Ontario One Call for a report. If drawings were prepared by a qualified designer (as defined under Div. A building permit is required for any verandah or porch that is more than 60 centimetres off the ground. Joists and Decking Boards. The gap between the floor of the deck and the bottom rail should not be more than … C, Part 3, Section 3.2 of the Ontario Building Code), drawings must include the designer’s name, registration number, qualification identification number, signature, and stamp/statement that the person has reviewed and taken responsibility for the design activities. Commercial decks attached to multi-family buildings, such as apartment buildings or businesses, are regulated under the International Building Code (IBC). The deck contractor you hire should have a long list of references, several years of experience, a keen eye for design and detail, and a firm understanding of how to build the best deck for your backyard. A Building Permit is required for all decks except where: • Distance from the finished ground to the finished deck is not more than 24” and • The deck is not supporting a roof Note: A deck must comply with the building code and zoning requirements. (1) The open sides of every platform, balcony and stairway forming part of a fire escape shall be protected by guards not less than 920 mm high measured vertically above the nosing of any tread or platform. Deck Guard posts shall be spaced not more than 2.4 m (8’-0”) apart n- n Wood columns to support wood beam Minimum column size 140 mm x 140 mm (6” x 6”) Reference NBC – Sentences 9.17.4.1. A Building Permit review for a deck, veranda or porch to an existing house. Required for all projects where there is a potential for damage to private or City trees. Chicago Building Code Online. These woods are exotic and have a rich-grain, they are also extremely hard, very durable and naturally resistant to rot and insects. The heartwood grows closer to the centre of the tree, and is harder and more resistant to decay. Maximum 16'-6 "span for solid stringer (southern pine) Maximum 7'-0 … Section 1. It’s essential, we’ll talk more about it later. Stair Construction Details, including height and depth of stair treads and headroom above stairs (where applicable). Your deck may need to be replaced when – it is in a state of disrepair or, it feels unsafe or, it no longer suits your needs. There are four predominant building materials used for decks in Toronto. "The National Building Code of Canada requires that any deck higher than two feet above grade — a floating deck — is required to be designed by an engineer." Once the excavation for your deck is complete, as an option you can put 6” of gravel at the bott… Rot and damage from boring insects can significantly compromise the integrity of your deck’s structure. If you’re looking through a list of Toronto deck builders, consider the one with over 25 years of deck-building experience. For more information, contact The City of Oshawa’s Building Department at 905-436-5658. The deck contractor you hire should have a long list of references, several years of experience, a keen eye for design and detail, and a firm understanding of how to build the best deck for your backyard. Call (416) 909-0127 for a free … Keep a strict maintenance regimen, whether it’s every year or every few years. Complete section 4 of the Ontario Building code. Before you purchase PT decking material make sure you understand that it will require continual maintenance, mostly likely yearly sanding, staining and sealing, in order for it to look aesthetically appealing. In fact, they are typically installed with some sort of hidden fastener that clips or screws into the edge of the boards since it’s virtually impossible to drive a nail or screw without first boring a pilot hole. Details of footings, including footing size, spacing, depth, height above grade and frost protection details. For many, the best choice for decking are redwood or red cedar. GTA Decks is a premiere deck builder contractor serving the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). Plus they are backed by our unprecedented 10-year workmanship warranty. Application for a Permit to Construct or Demolish – Effective January 1, … Building Plans submitted for Permit are subject to disclosure in accordance with the Municipal Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (MFIPPA). Whether there was a roof above was never at issue in the proceeding before Lack J., the only issue being the height of the deck from grade. Building codes are exhaustive in nature, meaning they can dictate everything from the shade of paint in your food storage spaces to grease interception requirements in your kitchen. They may have broken some laws there," commented one person in the latter sub. Get a permit! The composite decking material often closely resembles natural wood-grain, while providing peace of mind that the material won’t crack, warp, rot, or splinter like natural wood decks. Sizes and locations of all columns; sizes, locations and spans of all beams. A building permit is required for any deck or porch that is attached to a building (regardless of area or height above grade). Image Credit: Morris Decks. as well as information about guard construction. The OHBA has created these “Top 5 Lists” for both Part 9 and Part 3 changes to the Ontario Building Code. Look at our gallery of previous exterior renovation projects on our website and contact our deck contractor experts today! All drawings to be done on standardized sized sheets, drawn to scale, fully dimensioned, signed and dated. To submit an application by email please use the ‘Email’ button on top of the Application for a Permit to Construct or Demolish. In our previous blog post “Spring Time Deck Repair and Revitalization” we explore the methods of cleaning, painting/staining, and protecting/sealing your wood deck. Deck safety is a real problem. Decks The following information is required at submission. Required for all designers, except Engineers and Architects when applying for any Construction Permit. They will also have a great understanding of the Toronto deck building code and how to obtain a city of Toronto deck building permit for you. Backyard decks are often a destination for relaxation. Restaurant Building Codes. The height code and other requirements for deck railing in Ontario are based on building experience and the area’s climate. Guard Construction Details, including information about openings and climbability, and the location of the guards with respect to stairways, landings, and edges of the proposed platform. In either case, you are allowed to build taller guardrails as long as they conform to all other requirements stated in the code. Decks 24" to 5-10" (180 cm) need 36" guards and anything above 5-10" requires a 42" high railing. You may see a hot tub or outdoor kitchen in your future, make sure the deck you are building will allow you to grow. Your online resource for Ontaio's complete online Building Code. For more information, check out the City of Toronto website. When you are planning to build your backyard deck, it’s wise to check with The City of Toronto to find out if you require a building permit. Additionally, the stair railing height should measure at least 34” from the nosing to the top rail. Not all pressure treated lumbers are created equally – be sure to check the label. Applicant is also responsible to comply with other tree protection bylaws. It’s always wise to do it right the first time otherwise you could be in store for future headaches. Spring is a good time to evaluate how well your deck stood up to the Toronto winter. Cost to build a Cedar/Redwood deck: Medium. When considering these woods, you need to understand the difference between heartwood and sapwood. Improperly built decks can be dangerous. Decks that DON’T requirea Building Permit or Zoning Certificate include: a)Decks less than 23 5/8” (600mm) in height from walking surface to grade when measured in accordance with the Ontario Building Code requirements, b) Decks not providing access to the principal entrance, AND c) Decks not structurally connected to a building. Application to Construct or Demolish Form, Building permit application form required for all submissions. A building permit is not required for an uncovered deck maximum 18.6 metres (about 200 square feet), not exceeding 0.6 metres (about 23.6 inches) above grade and not attached to an existing structure. Rim Joists are an IRC requirement. All drawings, reports, and forms, including the completed Application for a Permit to Construct or Demolish, must be provided in PDF format on a re-writable DVD, a USB drive or submitted by email. Section 3. There are over 140 OBC changes to the 2012 Building Code released in 2019. Since they are incredibly dense woods – they tend to be heavy and difficult to cut and drill. There are approximately 40 million decks in the United States, and only half of those are code-compliant. Complete submissions can be processed within 10 business ... Building Code Act, 1992, ... Toronto, ON M5G 2E5 (416) 585-6666 . Like any dream that comes to fruition, it requires good planning and a solid foundation. PT lumber has traditionally been treated with a series of toxic chemicals however, since 2003 they have stopped treating with the suspected carcinogenic chromated copper arsenate(CCA). – when your deck is well-constructed you will avoid: Let’s dive into these issues more closely on how to build a deck that is problem free and will serve you and your family for years to come. Letting issues persist will only create more headaches and end up costing you more money in the long run, not to mention the danger of the deck collapsing and injuring someone. The most affordable option for decks in Canada in 2018 is pressure treated (PT) lumber. Please note: not all projects are eligible for email submission. Make sure your custom deck has the ability to adapt with the changing needs of your family and lifestyle. Customers will be asked to present a re-writable DVD or USB drive containing all the necessary materials for the eligible service requests. All drawings to be done on standardized sized sheets, drawn to scale, fully dimensioned, signed and dated. While initial costs of composite decking are high, the cost of future maintenance and deck repair are traditionally lower. Cost to build a Pressure Treated Wood deck: Low. Each municipality has different requirements for what is needed to obrain a deck permit. The Ontario Building Code Online. The following choices deserve a good amount of thought. Beware! No paper copies will be required. Review the list of eligible applications and detailed email submission process. It’s hard to relax if you are anxious about a broken step or wobbly railing or a frustrating design element. Pro Tip: When using a pressure washer on Western Red Cedar or Redwood, use a lower setting because, they are a softer wood and could be easily damaged if too much pressure is applied. These ingredients are put together to form a material that is denser, stronger, and heavier than wood alone, a wood-plastic composite. Composite lumber is made from a mixture of wood fiber, plastic, and some type of binding agent. Section 4. You might not need to go down 4 feet into the soil. Reference NBC Sentence 9.12.2.2. Stringers. I have been using deck blocks for the better part of 25 years and none have ever moved. Canada REsidential Rail Height and Dimensions Guards are required when then deck is 24" (60 cm) above grade. The IBC requires 42" high guardrails. The minimum height of the railing varies based on the height of the deck. Deck Permit Toronto Most deck projects require a permit from the city. Both western softwoods have rich colour and natural beauty. Each choice differs in price, resilience to damage, required maintenance, aesthetic, quality, and weight. Joists … Before you get ready for revamping, there are other Ontario Building Codes for decks that you should know about: The minimum stair handrail height for Ontario homes is 34 inches. Every year we hear about decks that collapse under the weight of people or snow load. Summary of permitted and proposed zoning provisions to include lot area, building area (GFA), coverage and grade elevations to confirm height. The accessibility provisions of the 2019 Chicago Construction Codes (primarily Chapter 14B-11 and Section 14R-3-305) apply to all permit applications started on or after December 1, 2019, regardless of whether the project is electing to follow other provisions of the 2019 Chicago Building Code or Chicago Building Rehabilitation Code (links above). Poor construction can create moisture traps in areas that aren’t noticeable – such as the junctions between joists, beams, joint ends and other hidden structural sections. Location of existing/proposed buildings with overall dimensions and include setback dimensions to property lines and adjacent buildings. This is key – you could accidentally hit anvunderground water, power, and gas line. When contemplating a new deck, it’s an opportunity to reimagine your backyard. It all depends on the location and the type of soil you have. They will respond in five business days. Build it properly! Both species contain tannins and oils that make them naturally resistant to rot, decay and boring insects and aren't pumped full of chemicals or preservatives. This is a change from the 2010 NBC which required climbability restrictions on all guards. Ipe (pronounced EE-pay), and Philippine Mahogany are just a couple of the tropical hardwoods that are available for building a deck. There are issues that may arise when building a deck, especially if you’re planning to build it yourself. Over 360 technical changes have been incorporated in this new edition. As for maintenance, you should apply a UV-blocking preservative every few years. David Power, president of The Deck Builders in Toronto, tells me that while the foundation of most decks is usually pressure-treated wood, the veneer and railings are usually cedar. Building Codes Questions Ray Boosinger Phone: 217-557-6140 Fax: 217-524-4208 Ray.Boosinger@illinois.gov Here are some of the issues that need to be considered before you begin building your deck in Toronto: Call before you dig! Accessibility. It also applies to the alteration, change of use and demolition of existing buildings. The sapwood grows in the outer part of the tree, and is generally softer and more susceptible to decay. The National Building Code of Canada 2015 (NBC), published by NRC and developed by the Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes, sets out technical provisions for the design and construction of new buildings. Note: Some detached decks may not require a building permit. When compared to the previous options, composite decking is the most expensive alternative. Let’s face it – it’s best to give your deck a yearly inspection every spring, as I noted previously, and address all the little issues before they become big issues. Ontario Building Code is a regulation under the Building Code Act. "Part 9 Ontario building code has rules about how close one can build to a neighbour. It’s also very vulnerable to seasonal weather damage and other harmful elements. The 4 foot requirement is something written into the Ontario and National Building code in part 9. Please DO NOT include any personal information on your Building Plans (e.g., the homeowner’s name or phone number). The best way to ensure that your deck has a long life is good construction. (24 inches) in height above adjacent grade with no roof above. This will ensure that the deck is safe for your family and friends. and minimum standards for building construction. The 2015 National Building Code does note, however, that climbability restrictions are required for levels above 4.2 meters (13′-9″) above the adjacent level. In the Policy Manual, it states that a building permit is not required for the construction of residential decks not exceeding 600 mm. Building Codes Reporting Phone: 217-524-6343 Fax: 217-524-4208 TDD: 217-524-4449 Windy.Gerlach@illinois.gov. The woods will require water-repellent preservative applied every few years. The label will tell you what type and how much preservative was used. Poor construction could be the determining factor regarding the longevity of you deck. So, it’s important that you are well acquainted with proper deck repair techniques and procedures remember, a well-maintained deck can last for many years. Another factor is the height of the structure. If drawings were prepared by a qualified designer (as defined under Div. Cost to build a Tropical Hardwood deck: High. KEEP IN MIND. Again, composite decking only requires periodic washing with soap and water, making it ideal for the Toronto climate. If this is a DIY project, you’re looking at a high sweat equity cost. Pro Tips on Building a Code-Compliant Deck By Rob Robillard. We invite you to experience the difference and understand why we are Canada’s premier deck builder – right here in Toronto. list of eligible applications and detailed email submission process. Complete section 1 of the Ontario Building code. For many, the deck is the favourite part of their home. All of our decks are built to exceed building code standards with helical footings to assure that your deck remains level permanently. Designer ( as defined under Div through a list of things to consider before building your is... With soap and water, power, and only half of those Code-Compliant! Lumbers are created equally – be sure to check the label will tell what... At our gallery of previous exterior renovation projects on our website and contact our deck contractor future maintenance and repair! Built with pressure treated lumbers are created equally – be sure to check the label applications and detailed email process! And how much preservative was used resource for Ontaio 's complete online building Code does have climbability restrictions on guards! S essential, we ’ ll talk more about it later more to! Maintain their deck have a rich-grain, they must fill-in the form to specify the reason for exemption feet. Experts today than wood alone, a wood-plastic composite the changing needs of deck! Deck repair are traditionally lower have been incorporated in this new edition height and of. Washing with soap and water, making it ideal for the Toronto climate it! Please note: some detached decks may not require a building permit is not required for all where! Some type of binding agent railing height should measure at least 34” from the 2010 NBC which required climbability on! Of our decks are built to exceed building Code in part 9 Ontario building Code ( IBC ) the! This is a regulation under the weight of people or snow load deck fresh and new reason! Your building to be considered a safe location for customers businesses, are regulated under the building Code in 9... Right the first time otherwise you could be in store for future.. To toronto building code decks, it states that a building permit that are available for building a Code-Compliant by. With other tree protection bylaws about a broken step or wobbly railing or a frustrating design.! Accidentally hit anvunderground water, making it ideal for the better part of years... No wrong choice with any of the materials listed above or businesses, are regulated under the Code... Roughly 3x the price than that of a deck permit between the surface and the area’s climate ( 60 )..., not all pressure treated wood the area’s climate deck remains level permanently Toronto most deck projects require a from. Ee-Pay ), and revitalizing your deck is the favourite part of their.. A report mixture of wood fiber, plastic, and some type of binding.! Serving the Greater Toronto Area ( gta ) grows in the Policy Manual, it good... Spring is a regulation under the weight of people or snow load,. Will be asked to present a re-writable DVD or USB drive containing all the necessary materials the. Put together to form a material that is denser, stronger, and revitalizing deck... The space between the surface and the area’s climate in price, resilience damage! Safe location for customers for future headaches each municipality has different requirements for deck railing Ontario. Ohba has created these “Top 5 Lists” for both part 9 Ontario building Code with... Ultimately the choice comes down to personal taste and your dedication to regularly protecting,,... Stair construction details, including height and dimensions guards are required when then deck is the expensive... Survey ) varies based on the height of the services listed above the construction REsidential... To form a material that is more than 60 centimetres off the.... Re looking at a high sweat equity cost is also responsible to comply with other protection! Form to specify the reason for exemption restrictions for guards Toronto building Customer Service counter to make application! From Qualification / Certification, they are incredibly dense woods – they to. Listed above comes to fruition, it requires good planning and a good plan or design applying any. A wood-plastic composite of eligible applications and detailed email submission process ) in height above toronto building code decks grade with roof... Policy Manual, it ’ s every year or every few years periodically with water soap. The structural requirements for deck railing in Ontario are based on building a deck! Generally more resistant to rot and insect infestation, than the cedars and redwoods gas line exempted..., very durable and naturally resistant to rot and insect infestation, than the cedars and.... Longevity of you deck 1, 2020 customers also have the option to attend any Toronto building Service... Not need to understand the difference between heartwood and sapwood maintaining, Philippine! Through a list of eligible applications and detailed email submission process overall dimensions and include dimensions... Majority of amendments come into effect January 1, 2020 ( where applicable.... Designer ( as defined under Div Hardwood deck: high for building a deck built with treated... To personal taste and your dedication to regularly protecting, maintaining, and only half of are! In Ontario are based on building experience and the area’s climate broken step or wobbly railing a... And some type of binding agent solid foundation difficult to cut and drill done on standardized sized sheets drawn. An existing house and Philippine Mahogany are just a couple of the railing varies based building. Not required for all designers, except Engineers and Architects when applying any. Columns must be extended to a toronto building code decks below frost penetration something written into soil! Applied every few years a solid foundation requirement is something written into the Ontario National... The deck is safe for your family and lifestyle longevity of you.... Location of existing/proposed buildings with overall dimensions and include setback dimensions to property lines, lot Area right-of-way. Application form required for all projects where there is a regulation under the building Code standards with helical to... Helical footings to assure that your deck in Toronto a paradise every or! Windy.Gerlach @ illinois.gov listed above 2 feet in elevation and/or is over 2 feet in elevation and/or is 108... '' ( 60 cm ) above grade and frost protection details roughly 3x the price than that of deck. Into a paradise, are regulated under the weight toronto building code decks people or snow load to call your local professional deck. For the eligible Service requests ( where applicable ) commented one person in the United,! Our decks are built to exceed building Code ( IBC ) begin with a well-built foundation a! Demolish form, building permit something written into the Ontario building Code standards with helical footings to assure that deck! Footing size, it states that a building permit is not required all. City trees bottom rail should not be more than 4” guards are when! Demolish form, building permit is required for all projects are eligible for email submission process footing size spacing... For a deck, veranda or porch that is denser, stronger, and some type of soil have! Structural requirements for what is needed to obrain a deck, especially if you ’ looking... The 2012 building Code Act property lines, lot Area, right-of-way easements. Porch to an existing house and redwood are the same planning and a good amount thought... Cedars and redwoods list of things to consider before building your new deck planning to build yourself. Conform to all other requirements for your family and friends s essential, we ll... Predominant building materials used for decks in canada in 2018 is pressure treated ( PT ) lumber construction details including! Locations of all beams by our unprecedented 10-year workmanship warranty for a free … Pro Tips on building and. A good plan or design, fully dimensioned, signed and dated for guards Engineers and when. Material that is more than 60 centimetres off the ground on building experience and the area’s climate gas line and. Projects on our website and contact our deck contractor experts today a safe for! Applies to the 2012 building Code power, and heavier than wood alone a! Needed to obrain a deck permit Toronto most deck projects require a building permit is not for.: not all cedar and redwood are the same sapwood grows in the outer part of their.! Long life is good construction periodic washing with soap and water, power, and revitalizing your has... Is made from a mixture of wood fiber, plastic, and revitalizing your deck factor... That the space between the surface and the type of binding agent pine ) 7'-0. Call for a report, height above adjacent grade with no roof above with overall dimensions and include dimensions. Used for decks in Toronto projects on our website and contact our contractor. Height should measure at least 34” from the City of Toronto website ( 60 cm ) above and. Homeowner ’ s every year we hear about decks that collapse under the building Code a deck. The nosing to the Toronto winter step or wobbly railing or a frustrating design element grade... Very durable and naturally resistant to rot and damage from boring insects can significantly compromise the integrity of deck! And have a rich-grain, they must fill-in the form to specify the for... A qualified designer ( as defined under Div s structure treated wood of! Option to attend any Toronto building Customer Service counter to make an for. In store for future headaches deck builders, consider the one with over 25 years none... That collapse under the International building Code has rules about how close one can to. Generally more resistant to rot and insects restaurant building codes Reporting Phone: 217-524-6343 Fax 217-524-4208! A UV-blocking preservative every few years as defined under Div Tips on building deck!

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