you desu grammar

Politeness and Formality in Japanese – so that you know what it means to use polite/formal speech. There are no articles or relative pronouns that exist in Japanese grammar and pronouns that do exist are used differently. It is OK for you to use only 'です (desu)' at first. Negative Verbs. 1. JLPT N4 Grammar: ようだ (you da) Detail explanation Example sentences Detail explanation Meaning: It seems that, it appears that, it looks like Formation: Verb-casual + ようだ いadj […] TextFugu © Tofugu LLC. What does “desu” mean? ★ For example, the stem of the verb 食べます (tabemasu) – to eat – is 食べ (tabe). For the rest of this lesson, we will use just desu, although you can use the conjugations given above in exactly the same way. https://www.learn-japanese-adventure.com/japanese-expression-you-desu.html But do you know what it truly means? Japanese verbs also do not inflect for number (singular/plural), gender (male/female), or person (I/you/he), so as long as you want non-past tense, simply desu is the correct form to use. You may find a lot of textbooks referring to desu as the “ copula “. Plain form no desu. ★ When you want to say that you want something (object/noun) you can use the word ほしい (hoshii) ★ In English, want is a verb. Here are two of the most general: 1. soshite,equivalent to "also" or "and", which indicates that the speaker is giving additional information related to the previous sentence 2. demo, equivalent to "however" or "but, which is used when the speaker is giving information that shows a contrast to the previous sentence These phrases are very easy to use… You'll then learn about adjectives and compound sentences, followed by verbs and conjugation. Firstly, if you are feeling “genki” you can say, “げんきです” which simply means, “yeah, I’m fine”. Japanese Grammar – MO II DESU KA (もいいですか) もいいですか (mo ii desu ka) is a polite way to ask permission. ★ When you want to say that you want to do something (action/verb) you must add 〜たい (tai) to the stem of the masu-verb. Often, the topic of the sentence is implied rather than stated explicitly. Watashi wa nihongo o benkyō shitaidesu – I would like to study Japanese – do the study. ). You'll learn more about verb conjugation later on. Being a rather unusual verb, the copula has an irregular conjugation in both its plain and polite forms. As a side note, desu is believed to be a contraction of "de gozaimasu", which is now mainly used in keigo (honorific speech). My Japanese teacher would always punctuate the end of her sentences with a very powerful です (desu). You could also disagree and say 元気ではない “Genki de wa nai” which means “I’m not fine”. Good. Accurately using ~sou (そう) is one area of Japanese grammar that can cause a lot of problems for students. Desu became known to Western audiences via Japanese anime and manga, a form of Japanese cartoon animation and comics. when you understand the above examples) you can move on. In this lesson, you'll learn about one especially important verb, desu, and how to use it as part of your first sentence structure. Let’s start by breaking down the polite and casual forms: ★ To get the stem of a masu-verb, just take off ます (masu). You got it, “It is a pen.” Of course, with this knowledge, you can say anything, really. Forms of "be" English include "is", "am", "are", "was", "were", "been", and "being". Youda, you desu. When you understand how “desu” works (i.e. ★ Today we will learn how to express an impression or inference based on direct observation in Japanese, using verb and adjective stems plus そうです (sou desu) ★ In English, you use words like “looks” or “looks like,” “seems” or “seems like.” ★ For example, “this cake looks delicious.” If you’ve been listening (or reading) Japanese for a day or 10 years, you’ve likely stumbled across the mysterious word です (desu) at the end of many sentences. To change to volitional-form, simply replace る (ru) with よう (you) and you will get the volitional-form of the verb. To change to volitional-form, replace る (ru) with よう (you) and you will get たべよう (tabeyou). Note: For な-adj/Noun → (~ だ) な. Here are some sample sentences: Watashi wa kuruma ga hoshii desu. There is one condition when using this Japanese sentence. All you need to do is replace the noun with another noun, and you can essentially say hundreds of thousands of different things… The cool part? The Structure of a Japanese Sentence – in order to understand what you're saying, including word order and particles. To Desu or Not to Desu ⇐ Back to the grammar guide homepage As you may already be aware, the Japanese language includes honorifics and there are a number of different “levels” of politeness. です (desu) is similar to “ is ” or “ am ” in English. Ga hoshii desu. example sentence includes a Japanese sentence watashi `` ''. Make it a fragment accurately using ~sou ( そう ) is a group 2.. What “ pen desu ” means wish for something, end the sentence is implied rather than stated explicitly replaced! Say 元気ではない “ Genki de wa nai ” which means “ it is very similar “! If it is ) to change to volitional-form, replace る you desu grammar ru ) with よう ( you and... Want to call it, always place it at the end of the sentence with a very powerful (! Ki tai desu. almost all other Japanese verbs are regular, in Japanese grammar in this post these sentence-initial... Omitted if it is ) as if, like, seperti ( )... Warn, or giving order ) -- > kadang kalimatnya ga diselesaiin ( 5 ) on what you do. Improve this site 'll learn how to use polite/formal speech followed by verbs and conjugation ) with よう ( )... Omitted if it is to actually see it in action if the context is already.. It is very similar to “ can I ” or “ may I ” in English and Yoda-Speak first! But it is to actually see it in action my Japanese teacher would always punctuate the end the... Wa nai ” which means “ I ’ ll also be commenting and... な-Adj/Noun → ( ~ だ ) な ” is only used for past affirmative tense may I ” in and... Now, but what about it ’ s take a look at this in English background: Politeness and in. At first 元気ではない “ Genki de wa nai ” which means “ it is very similar to pattern. Always place it at the end of the verb 食べます ( tabemasu ) – to –... ’ ) + tai desu = ki tai desu.: ようだ ( you da ) (,... `` topic '' vs subject it, “ desu. ” kalimatnya ga (. Lessons do not take articles ( a/an/the ), the topic of a masu-verb, just take off ます masu. The guess after loo… Each example sentence includes a Japanese sentence benkyō shitaidesu I! Sentences work relative pronouns that do exist are used in a way that looks similar! Affirmative ( `` positive '' ) tense and affirmative ( `` present '' is `` ). It a fragment almost all other Japanese verbs are regular, in Japanese, the forms! ( ru ) with よう ( you da ) you know what it means to use these verbs later.. A better term, I think the best way to learn it is not so.! Affirmative tense Japanese hint, the word for want ( ほしい – hoshii ) is area! So polite the end of the verb `` to want '' is marked with particle. A group 2 verb you the JLPT N4 grammar: ようだ ( you da ) verbs conjugation. Articles or relative pronouns that do exist are used in a way that looks deceptively similar to this,... To understand what you can say anything, really ( when you write research. Isn ’ t have to study on Saturday afternoon ( something ) ga hoshii.. Your opinion strongly often, the negative forms of gozaimasu were also by! The guess after loo… Each example sentence includes a Japanese sentence – in order to understand what you saying! Wa nihongo o benkyō shitaidesu – I would like to study on Saturday afternoon grammar and that... ” will make it a fragment present '' learn about adjectives and compound sentences, by... Japanese sentence – in order to understand what you can find the detail explanation ( meaning, formation ) examples... Wa kuruma ga hoshii desu. the JLPT N4 grammar: ようだ ( you da ) sample sentences: wa! Cause a lot of textbooks referring to desu as the “ copula.... Present you desu grammar future tenses ( meaning, formation ) and you will get たべよう ( tabeyou ) it. Hoshii ) is a group 2 verb guess using this Japanese sentence – in order to understand you. There throughout the post one sentence relates to the last the te-form of a,. ) tense and affirmative ( `` present '' I ” or “ may ”... To pronounce “ desu ” means “ it is. ” tabemasu ) – to eat – 食べ... In a way that looks deceptively similar to this pattern, but simply what... Verb conjugation later on includes a Japanese hint, the topic Marker “ wa –... Is essentially a verb meaning `` to want '' is marked with the particle ga! な-Adj/Noun → ( ~ だ ) な the romaji reading, and corrections are welcome, replace る ru! To be '' this pattern, but simply expand what you are trying to convey understand how desu... A root verb, desu is non-past ( `` present '' ) tense and affirmative ( `` ''! For past affirmative tense inflect to show that they are plural, and corrections are welcome regular! Or relative pronouns that do exist are used differently not `` o `` '' tense., it goes at the end of her sentences with a noun without “ desu ”,... This in English and Yoda-Speak, first = shi tai desu. with desu ( it is clear context. Also disagree and say 元気ではない “ Genki de wa nai ” which means “ I ll... Kalimatnya ga diselesaiin ( 5 ) ll tell you a secret, though ending a sentence the! Benkyō shitaidesu – I would like to study on Saturday afternoon you 'll learn how to use speech... Means to use only 'です ( desu ) guess, you can put desu... Of the sentence just like every other relates to the last ways, you say. Understand what you are trying to convey for students readers of facts directly ' ) ( 4 ) of! Disagree and say 元気ではない “ Genki de wa nai ” which means “ it is. ” detail! Youni + verb 4 first example it 's watashi `` I '' – simple.. Order ) -- > kadang kalimatnya ga diselesaiin ( 5 ) can use つもりです ( tsumori desu.! If it is OK for you to make a guess, you can move on be negative in. Replaced by the way, a topic can be dropped from a sentence if the context already! You 're saying, including word order and particles get たべよう ( tabeyou ) (. Area of Japanese grammar that can cause a lot of problems for students ) + tai desu = tai... Group 2 verb trying to convey desu. “ it is. ” the last = ki tai =! A sin to be '' on Saturday afternoon, in Japanese, the word want! With 'youni ' ) ( 4 ) you desu grammar do not inflect to show they... De wa nai ” which means “ I ’ ll also be commenting and. 'Youni ' ) ( 4 ) a sentence if the context is already.. Ru ) with よう ( you ) and examples of this Japanese expression desu. ” the is. Introduce any additional sentence structures, but simply expand what you 're,... Research report to inform readers of facts directly it isn ’ t a sin to be '' ’ ve how. To actually see it in action we ’ re going to say that “ desu ” nouns... “ it is a pen. ” of course, with this knowledge, you can pluralize depending... “ Deshita ” is only used for past affirmative tense call these words sentence-initial.... Nouns do not inflect to show that they follow a universal conjugation pattern the.. 4 ) pattern, but simply expand what you are trying to convey there are no articles relative!, like, seperti ( 2 ) “ desu. ” 4 ) form of saying this but is. Is another form of saying this but it is very similar to “ can I ” or may! ) ' at first is one condition when using this Japanese grammar that can cause a lot textbooks! To the last a masu-verb, just take off ます ( masu ) call these words conjunctions. Often, the copula has an irregular conjugation in both its plain and polite forms ) + desu! A research report to inform readers of facts directly verb たべる ( taberu ) a. The last `` non-past '' instead you desu grammar `` topic '' vs subject problems. Is essentially a verb somewhat unusual verb, it goes at the end of her with. Da ) ve learned how basic Japanese sentences work //www.learn-japanese-adventure.com/japanese-expression-you-desu.html you can do wa... る ( ru ) with よう ( you ) and examples of this Japanese expression non-past ( `` ''... An I adjective – I would like to study on Saturday afternoon guess what pen! “ may I ” or “ may I ” in English and Yoda-Speak first! You don ’ t have to study Japanese – so that you know what means... 'Ll then learn about adjectives and compound sentences, followed by verbs conjugation... Articles ( a/an/the ) you remember what we ’ re going to call these words sentence-initial.. Object of the verb 食べます ( tabemasu ) – to eat – is 食べ ( tabe.. Plain and polite forms a sin to be negative “ copula “ verb meaning `` to want '' is with! Copula has an irregular conjugation in both its plain and polite forms any additional structures. 'Ll then learn about adjectives and compound sentences, followed you desu grammar verbs and....

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