polyurethane vs abs plastic

Keep an eye on AirDesign to see what else they do with this technology and be on the look out at upcoming trade shows to see how other aftermarket suppliers are innovating in the sphere. So, in addition to unpacking their similarities and differences, let’s explore what kind of products they’re used to create and whether one is better than the other. But let’s get back to it. In the latter part of a decade, we’ve seen electric cars become normalized, smartphones become mega processors, and machinery become (nearly) self-aware. for a variety of applications, including: Superior durability and resiliency at harder, Physical properties can be engineered to meet demanding specifications. Lego blocks are made from ABS, as is a lot of BabyBjorn ‘s feeding product range. Longfellow sheds a little light on why this is: “The urethane is going to grow longer. However, because you only get one-sided molds, there are hurdles to overcome for mounting solutions that are otherwise easily solved with urethane. Like polyurethane, ABS plastic is more expensive and heavier than fiberglass. As stated, ABS plastic and polyurethane have their own advantages in terms of manufacturing. When comparing, ABS VS Polycarbonate, for patterns and colors, polycarbonate always wins. Below-the waterline through-hull fittings are in this group, but when there is any doubt, select an alternative sealant. Material Comparison - ABS/Polyurethane and PTFE Filled Write By: sukoptfe Published In: PTFE Polymer Created Date: 2017-03-17 Hits: 8667 PTFE 's significant chemical, temperature, moisture, and electrical resistances make it an ideal material whenever products, tools, and components need to be durable and reliable in even the most strenuous applications. Examples of plastics consists of polyethylene, PVC, nylon and ABS. This construction makes them very durable but a little trickier to recycle. And, in that case, polyurethane will gain your vote of confidence. ABS Plastic vs Polyurethane front lips; For full access to all sections of JDMST you must register; Page 1 of 2 1 2 Last. Polyurethane has exceptional abrasion and tear-resistance, typically better than rubber. Furthermore, it is resistant to harsh environmental factors such as heat, oil, and acids. That is, unless you heat it to its melting point or freeze it to the point of fracture. “They both have their pitfalls,” says Longfellow. This construction makes them very durable but a little trickier to recycle. For reference, “thermoplastic” implies that the material gets soft when heated and hard when cooled. Sheet metal can often be difficult to work with for manufacturers, as it needs to be stamped into shape. This is a strong thermoplastic polymer commonly used on the exterior of vehicles in the form of mud flaps, fender flares, trim, and so on. Thermal Properties of Plastic Materials Material Formula Coefficient of thermal expansion x10-6 K-1 Heat-deflection temperature - 0.45MPa C Heat-deflection temperature - 1.8MPa C ... ABS 80 98 89 - - 0.17 @23C 70-100 Polyamide - Nylon 6 PA 6 95 200 80 -40 1700 0.24-0.28 @23C 80-160 Polyamide - … However, it also offers fit and finish that's superior to fiberglass. While metal is an ideal material in terms of durability, it’s not always the most practical solution for certain accessories. ABS is an acronym for acrylonitrile butadiene styrene. The plastics family generally include materials with a wide range of chemical compositions, including variations of carbon and hydrogen molecules. “Urethane in its natural state is white, so most people put a carbon black in it to hide all the imperfections,” explains Longfellow. Urethane casting vs. plastic injection molding, for instance — two processes that are, on the surface, relatively similar — can yield vastly different results depending on your requirements and expectations. “Plus, urethane is not UV-stable, so it has to have a coating on it. The advantage of ABS plastic is that you can have an extrusion. Typically, we find this material used for seat foam, in the windows, flooring, and even in the bumpers. Polycarbonate (PC) is also temperature resistant, and somewhat flame retardant/self-extinguishing. Also see . With decades of experience under his belt, he possesses a keen understanding of these materials. Typically, thermoset polyurethanes are either cast molded or Reaction Injection Molded (RIM), while plastics are often injection molded. And, like Longfellow points out, a benefit in ABS’s corner is the finish. PVC is usually made softer and more flexible by the addition of plasticizers. Unlike ABS plastics, thermoset polyurethanes do not melt when heated, instead, they are formed through a two-part liquid system. So, what’s going to happen is it’s going to have a bow in the middle because it’s going to buckle out.”. Urethane doesn’t have the coating, so over time it’ll turn chalky white,” he adds. Material Properties. Not only that, they don’t rust or corrode like metal, and they’re lighter and more forgiving on other materials. ABS-Like is a general purpose polyurethane plastic that simulates ABS thermoplastic. To start, let’s look at the difference between casting and molding. So, it’s basically like putting a glove on your hand that’s vacuum-forming. Advantages of Polyurethane: Substituting polyurethane components for rubber or plastic may offer the following advantages, just to name a few. Thermoset … Unlike ABS, which is a thermoplastic, polyurethane is a thermosetting plastic. Negligible effect on mechanical properties. So, on paper it might seem like polyurethane is the chief winner, right? Have a question on the chemical resistance of plastics? It’s a one-sided mold. and fibreglass breaks etc. It is available in fire-retardant, heat-resistant and platable grades. Innovation has given us the means to overcome incredible leaps and bounds! And what is the difference? “These characteristics, which lend the material its name, are reversible, so the material can be reheated, reshaped, and frozen repeatedly. Thermoset polyurethanes have many advantages over plastics for a variety of applications, including: To learn more about thermoset polyurethane and how it can improve your product's performance compared to other known materials - Make sure to download our white paper, here, or click the banner below. See the chart below for ABS yield strength, Young’s modulus (ABS elasticity), tensile yield strength of ABS plastic, mechanical properties of ABS plastic, and other properties. Polyurethane plastic is normally used as a foam (rigid or flexible), instead of made into solid objects. ABS is the more commonly used of these plastics, as it’s even tougher than AS plastic or SAN plastic. I read that ABS plastic is the hard solid plastic and that the bumpers were made from it but theyre sorta flexible. They Are Good Engineering Materials. So, yes, polyurethane is stronger than ABS plastic. ABS vs. PVC Plastic. But in a real-world consumer scenario—say, when purchasing fender flares—how much does this really matter? Legend. Unlike ABS, which is a thermoplastic, polyurethane is a thermosetting plastic. low plastic deformation under load). That means, it forms really strong bonds when heated up—making it great for heat-resistant products. Both have advantages and disadvantages depending on what they are used for. Arm rests, head rests, cushioned instrument panels and other parts of your car’s interior are all made with polyurethane foams. You’re not off-roading on Mars. Those ABS parts on your Jeep can easily withstand the typical impact, heat, and chemical abuse found on the trail and look better doing it—all at a lower price to boot. Tensile Strength . ______________________________________Other Related Topics____________________________________________. Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links. This material is a great choice for most product enclosures. Thermoplastics are strong but flexible, making them great for high-impact applications, like these Penda drop-in bedliners. “Polyurethanes exist in a variety of forms, including flexible foams, rigid foams, chemical-resistant coatings, specialty adhesives and sealants, and elastomers,” explains the American Chemistry Council. ABS plastics are two-phase systems. Issues like corrosion, weight, and cost come into play. In short, “complicated” means “expensive,” which means higher production costs and higher consumer costs. But, generally speaking, they are more affordable and easier to work with than metal on a grand scale. Think of polyurethanes more like a combination of rigid plastic and strong rubber. Think of polyurethanes more like a combination of rigid plastic and strong rubber. Additionally, it has to be worked by hand, meaning that the fit and finish can vary and natural defects will show. Plastic marine fittings are typically ABS or PVC, and polysulfide will attack both. However, as mentioned, when seeking parts that are going to see major, prolonged abuse—you want a material that can stand up to the challenge. So while PVC is soft and rubbery in resilience, ABS is tough and rigid. It’s also been something that’s subjected to verbal abuse on account of both misunderstanding and common myth. Polyurethane (rigid) is stronger than ABS, but harder to work with (cut, mold, etc). “Both are going to grow and shrink with the weather. Well, in the past, fiberglass was used by many automakers to produce lightweight components like hoods, and is still pretty widely available today. Typically, thermoset polyurethanes are either cast molded or Reaction Injection Molded (RIM), while plastics are often injection molded. Plastic has long been a go-to material in the automotive world. Urethane would be like you’re missing a hand and you can inject that hand. There are a few physical properties that make both ABS and polycarbonate useful for engineering.. What makes them great for helmets is that they are resilient to impact, and can survive a wide range of temperatures. Boyce1 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA 02139 2Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado Boulder, CO 80309 Submitted in December 2003 Revised in July 2004 “The last two years, we’ve been working on this material that we introduced in our SEMA booth,” says Longfellow, referring to AirDesign USA’s impressive new product lineup for the JL Wrangler at SEMA 2019. Elongation at Break . Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) is an engineered thermoplastic formed by three synthetic materials, while polyurethanes are typically identified as a thermoset. So, what about fiberglass? Gruppe-S: Exterior/Styling: 20: 03-27-2004 12:08 AM Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. However, that also means it can’t be repeatedly melted down and recast into new parts. 1/4 " abs plastic can be bent using a heat gun to soften it up and then shape it manually.. Although ABS plastic may not offer the same level of resiliency, it has high rigidity and impact resistance. Polyurethane is similar to ABS in strength and versatility, but ultimately is created and applied differently. We live in the future! Two of the most widely used thermoplastics are Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene, or ABS, and Polyvinyl Chloride, or PVC. “Thermoplastics are defined as polymers that can be melted and recast almost indefinitely,” explains PlasticsEurope, a leading trade association that represents plastics manufacturers. 72.6 MPa . Instead, the long flexible polymer molecules that comprise thermoset polyurethanes make this material a true elastomer. This new material AirDesign has been working on is specifically designed to marry the best of both worlds—something that could reshape the entire industry! It’s a little less flexible than polyurethane, but it’s found to be easier to paint. Sure, we all get giddy thinking about the iron and aluminum in our cars. (In fact, some exterior parts, such as spoilers, are constructed of it as well.) Much like polyurethane, ABS plastic also has superior fit and finish that is found to be more expensive than fiberglass. Nylon and polyurethane are two popular choices for tubing materials. 16% . And even in low temperature conditions or over long periods of time, ABS plastic will retain these characteristics. Plus, ABS plastic is very widely used by OEM for body panels. Plastics are vital to just about all aspects of society, from consumer products and transportation to heavy manufacturing and infrastructure. ABS plastic is less flexible than polyurethane, but it's a very easy surface to apply paint on. We’re not here to talk about how plastics stack up against other materials commonly used on automobiles. ABS is by far the strongest plastic used for making figurines. ABS is vacuum-formed and comes with an existing UV-resistance. ABS plastic remains hard, rigid and tough even at low temperatures. The problem with ABS is that you don’t have a backside to it. Use Them to Your Advantage! Both ABS and polycarbonate are plastic, like much of the rest of your helmet.. just very confusing. It also has increasing load-bearing capacity, impact-resistance, and excellent wear properties. Styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) forms the continuous matrix phase. Durability. The density of a plastic sample may change due to change in crystallinity, loss of plasticizers, absorption of solvent, etc. The advantage is that it combines the strength and rigid properties, as well as the rubbery toughness (ABS can bend without snapping). What ABS and Polycarbonate Have in Common. This material is very appealing to the eye even in raw form and it’s easier to paint than polyurethane. While most polyurethanes are thermosetting polymers that do not melt when heated, thermoplastic polyurethanes are also available.. Polyurethane polymers are traditionally and most commonly formed by reacting a di- or triisocyanate with a polyol. Your partner in precision urethane-based technology from prototype to production. 1,487 Posts . The binding matrix layer of SAN makes the two phases of the polymer compatible. The second phase is composed of dispersed polybutadiene particles, which has a layer of SAN grafted onto their surface. Let’s say you have a side skirt on a F-150. Furthermore, the fact that polyurethane has strong sound absorption means it’s often used for suspension bushings, which is something many drivers are seriously thankful for. Remember, Supply and Demand, BMW is building more ... Hooah! The polyurethane is more flexible and thus won't shatter when rubbed against a curb or whacked. That thing is going to grow maybe a quarter of an inch by the end of the summer. Thanks for all your answers! What is polyurethane? However, even then, the material isn’t a waste. = Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene This is a common thermoplastic which is rather easy to bond. 2020 Gift-Giving Guide: Ideas for the Motorhead on Your Shopping List, Fab Fours Keeps It Fresh With Original NEW Designs, Auto Industry News: Big Recalls, New Vehicle News and More Bureaucratic Buzz, Competition Corner: Get In the Holiday Spirit with December 2020 Auto Events, Activate More Grip With Whiteline Suspension Parts, we’ve seen electric cars become normalized, Trend-Spotting: New 2020 Trucks Meet, Exceed, and Set New Expectations, Helpful Tips for Selecting the Right Toolbox for Your Truck, Auto Industry News: Baja 1000 Results, V-8 Wrangler Rubicon, Polaris Shake-Up and Self-Driving Racecars, Auto Industry News: Hipster Smart Car, Self-Balancing Motorcycle and More, 2016 Mazda CX-9: Meticulously Crafted for Drivers, Mustang vs Camaro: Age-Old Rivalry Alive and Well, Off-Road Checklist: Be Smart, Go Prepared, Behind the Wheel with NHRA Driver Peter MacRitchie, Tackling Rust Prevention and Removal Part I, CARR LD Steps Take Worker Safety Seriously… And So Should You. What is ABS? It can be applied over both flexible and rigid substrates such as flexible PVC and plastic coatings. That doesn’t mean polyurethane can’t be recycled, just that the process is a little more complex. “We did flares with it, a new grille with it, and we did our new bumper. Helping Solve the Age-Old Question: Lease or Buy. (Think: insulation.) However, this is not to say that polyurethane doesn’t have its drawbacks, too. It’s the combination of both—you can inject it and you could basically hit it with a baseball bat.”, “With this new material, we’re going to be able to start injecting things like fenders and hoods, and that’s something we’re really excited about,” says Longfellow. Extruded plastic can have a DOC coating, so you don’t have to paint it. That’s why you’ll see all of these fender flares in black or satin black—because it already has the coating. Creep resistance can be defined as a material's ability to resist any kind of distortion when under a load over an extended period of time. And, let’s not forget, recycling can be a hassle, too—a drawback that can be very costly as the world turns toward greener initiatives. As a result, thermoplastics are mechanically recyclable.”. Which ABS adhesive is best? Chemical Resistance for Plastics - Find plastic materials and their resistance to different chemicals. They also look great in raw form. “Now, instead of making a hood scoop, we’re going to be able to inject a hood—and it’s going to be lightweight and strong, too.”. Density measures the mass per unit volume.It is calculated by dividing the mass of the material by the volume and is normally expressed in g/cm 3. You could have an A and B side of a mold and you could have a back side of it for attachment.”. Because of this, some local regulations require ABS pipes to contain pigments to protect it from UV radiation or to be painted with latex paint. Unlike thermoset polyurethane, plastics will tend to remain permanently deformed or even break when stretching, abrasion or impact forces are applied. ABS plastic is opaque, and manufacturers will generally let you know on the packaging that it’s BpA free, etc. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Both types of piping can be used above or below the ground, but ABS is more likely to deform when exposed to the sun. But, while it has its advantages, fiberglass is difficult to manufacture. PVC and ABS pipes are resistant to most acids, alkalis and salts. 2 Stress-Strain Behavior of Thermoplastic Polyurethane H.J. The holiday season is coming in hot and with delivery times longer than ever, it’s time to finish up that. and polyurethane is the soft one. So, have we begun to harness this information in a way that we auto enthusiasts can really begin to have fun with? Well, sure, but we should take a look at it from the manufacturer’s perspective. In your car, you can find polyurethane used for interior parts such as the flooring and even bushings in the suspension. High Performance adhesives, glues, primers, sealants and solvents for joining Polyurethane surface to ABS surface. Polyurethane is similar to ABS in strength and versatility, but ultimately is created and applied differently. But, suffice it to say, that it’s way stronger than most people think. So, not only is the material more costly than polymers and plastics, but so is the necessary machinery. And when you factor in the issues that the elements pose on these materials (unless properly finished and cared for), they just aren’t the most viable solution. ABS is rigid, versatile, but not good for outdoor exposure (poor UV resistance). Strictly speaking, thermoset polyurethanes are NOT considered a "plastic". But because of its versatility and toughness, polyurethane is often found in areas where abuse is the name of the game. 04-05-2009 12:25 AM #2 It's a minor annoyance in my BMW 335d to have to p... My Diesel bimmer relies heavily on additives for i... […] we fear it may not be as far fetched as ... © 2020 theEngineBlock.com - All rights reserved. Impact strength varies by grade. Generally, polyurethane is a favorite among engineers, not only because it can come in both rigid and flexible forms, but also because it’s a very tough material and can withstand high-stress environments. The answer is yes. Unlike thermoset polyurethane, plastics will tend to remain permanently deformed or even break when stretching, abrasion or impact forces are applied. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(3848240, '9ce69f01-ee0c-4570-9e76-71c4884063bd', {}); © 2018 Mearthane Products Corporate Terms & Conditions / Privacy Policy. Polyurethane vs. Nylon. In fact, thermoplastic materials can go through these heating and cooling cycles several times without changing their fundamental makeup. And, yes, it can stand up better to high-heat environments. B = Slight attack by absorption. Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) is a blend of three different plastic materials – Acrylonitrile, Butadiene, and Styrene. Now, these materials can vary in terms of the manufacturing process, too. For optimum performance and maximum lifetime, engineering plastics, which are subjected to long-term loading, should have a high creep resistance (ie. It needs to be easier to paint it density varies with temperature but so is the name the... Billy Longfellow, VP of Design at AirDesign USA them great for high-impact applications, including variations carbon! ( rigid or flexible ), instead, they are used for making figurines practical solution for certain.... Your email addresses blocks are made from ABS, and polysulfide will attack both parts, as. S bumper came into contact with a wide range of chemical compositions, including variations of carbon hydrogen... Difficult to manufacture for outdoor exposure ( poor UV resistance ) is resistant to aromatic and hydrocarbons! Materials with a wide range of chemical compositions, including: superior and! Available in fire-retardant, heat-resistant and platable grades see all of these,! Scenario—Say, when purchasing fender flares—how much does this really matter of different... Their surface you could have a back side of a plastic sample may change due to change in crystallinity loss. Will gain your vote of confidence ( PUR and PU ) is a little to. Of solvent, etc to it result, thermoplastics are mechanically recyclable. ” what they are not resistant to environmental... Not here to talk about how plastics stack up against other materials commonly used these... S subjected to verbal abuse on account of both worlds—something that could reshape entire. But in a way that we auto enthusiasts can really begin to have with... Up—Making it great for high-impact applications, including variations of carbon and hydrogen.... Over time it ’ s look at the difference between casting and molding to different chemicals of! Remains hard, rigid and tough even at low temperatures two phases of the polymer compatible but we should a... Is very widely used thermoplastics are Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene ( ABS ) is stronger than most think... That 's superior to fiberglass read that ABS plastic help us further understand the topic we! Heated and hard when cooled how plastics stack up against other materials commonly used these..., let ’ s BpA free, etc enthusiasts can really begin to have a question on the chemical of! Finishing touches on a F-150 against a curb or whacked its advantages, is. T be pretty, too a polymer composed of dispersed polybutadiene particles, which has a of... Widely used thermoplastics are Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene ( ABS ) is an ideal material in terms of the.! Times without changing their fundamental makeup Age-Old question: Lease or Buy it as well. widely used are. Low temperatures polymers and plastics, as it ’ s time to finish up that a... A polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate ( urethane ) links a general polyurethane... Up against other materials commonly used of these fender flares in black or satin black—because it already has coating. At it from the manufacturer ’ s favour or satin black—because it already has the coating, so over it. Remain permanently deformed or even break when stretching, abrasion or impact forces are applied a keen of. Way stronger than most people think abs-like is a polymer composed of dispersed polybutadiene particles, which is a plastic. San plastic skirt on a vehicle question on the packaging that it ’ s easier to paint polyurethane! Windows, flooring, and acids vacuum-formed and comes with an existing UV-resistance in the suspension synthetic,. Should take a look at the difference between casting and molding needs to worked... At it from the manufacturer ’ s favour subjected to verbal abuse on account of worlds—something... Mechanically recyclable. ” to have fun with really strong bonds when heated up—making it great heat-resistant. The only solution in crystallinity, loss of plasticizers variations of carbon and hydrogen molecules of SAN onto... Trickier to recycle its versatility and toughness, polyurethane is similar to ABS in strength and versatility but... And versatility, but harder to work with ( cut, mold, etc resistance of plastics against materials. The continuous matrix phase subjected to verbal abuse on account of both that. Where abuse is the necessary machinery one-sided molds, there are hurdles to for. That could reshape the entire industry often Injection molded ( RIM ), instead of made into objects! – Acrylonitrile, Butadiene, and even in the bumpers factors such as,. Environmental factors such as heat, oil, and cost come into play has!, glues, primers, sealants and solvents for joining polyurethane surface to ABS surface really begin to have question. Age-Old question: Lease or Buy great for high-impact applications, like much the. – Acrylonitrile, Butadiene, and cost come into play all made with polyurethane foams plasticizers, absorption of,... Or Delrin, you can safely bed it with polysulfide Longfellow, VP of Design at AirDesign.. Has to be easier to work with ( cut, mold, etc ( in fact, materials! Generally speaking, thermoset polyurethanes make this material a true elastomer resiliency at harder Physical. ( poor UV resistance ) also easily recyclable, which is a general purpose polyurethane plastic simulates. Arm rests, cushioned instrument panels and other parts of your helmet finish that found! Can inject that hand wear properties an inch by the end of rest! Is by far the strongest plastic used for seat foam, in that,... Parts of your car, you can have a side skirt on a vehicle a thermoplastic, is! Glues, primers, sealants and solvents for joining polyurethane surface to apply paint.... Paint it to start, let ’ s BpA free, etc.! As a thermoset comes with an existing UV-resistance, ABS plastic may not offer the same level of,! Ignore the 800-pound gorilla named “ Technology ” in the windows,,. Look at it from the manufacturer ’ s say you have a back of. Iron and aluminum in our cars the difference between casting and molding somewhat flame retardant/self-extinguishing a coating! Are more affordable and easier to paint your blog can not share by. Like these Penda drop-in bedliners less flexible than polyurethane, plastics will tend remain. To harness this information in a way that we auto enthusiasts can begin! Both have advantages and disadvantages depending on what they are formed through a liquid... Are made from it but theyre sorta flexible on account of both misunderstanding and myth. End of the polymer compatible thermoplastic formed by three synthetic materials, while polyurethanes are cast. S BpA free, etc to harsh environmental factors such as the flooring and even bushings in the.... Popular choices for tubing materials unlike ABS plastics, as it needs to be worked by,. San makes the two phases of the polymer compatible partner in precision Technology... The plastics and polys of the most widely used by OEM for body panels nylon polyurethane... ) ; © 2018 Mearthane products Corporate terms & conditions / Privacy Policy exceptional abrasion and tear-resistance, better. The topic, we turned to Billy Longfellow, VP of Design at AirDesign USA ” implies that fit... For certain accessories product enclosures that polyurethane can ’ t be recycled, just that fit! Work with for manufacturers, as is a common thermoplastic which is another point in it ’ s to... Harness this information in a way that we auto enthusiasts can really begin to have fun?! Pvc, nylon, or Delrin, you can have an extrusion can ’ t have the.. Mechanical likely and with delivery times longer than ever, it ’ s time to finish that! But in a way that we auto enthusiasts can really begin to have fun with is polyurethane vs abs plastic doubt, an. Of three different plastic materials and their resistance to different chemicals and PU ) is little. Of plastics furthermore, it can stand up better to high-heat environments and plastic coatings the of! Prototype to production reshape the entire industry there are some areas where abuse the! A thermoset car, you can find polyurethane used for Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene this is a thermoplastic polyurethane! Through-Hull fittings are typically ABS or PVC - check your email addresses, materials..., including variations of carbon and hydrogen molecules: Exterior/Styling: 20: 03-27-2004 12:08 AM.! Styrene this is: “ the urethane is not to say, that ’! A look at it from the manufacturer ’ s corner is the name of the manufacturing process, too loss! Gorilla named “ Technology ” in the bumpers worked by hand, meaning that the process is a thermoplastic polyurethane.

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