The theme or subject matter in Surah Nisa aims at outlining acceptable behavior for the Muslim community. However, credible and reliable resources about Islam are scarce. Interview with Dr. Seyed Azmayesh by the International Organization to Preserve Human Rights (IOPHR). This part of the verse refers to those women, who are resisting their spouse and their family and who disrupt the harmony of the home because they cannot regulate their emotions and temper. Tafseer of Surah an-Nisa, Ayah 34 By: Dr. Ahmad Shafaat (1984, Revised 2000) ... "Even though out of sight" (li al-ghayb) refers to the husband's honor and property when he is absent as well as to the wife's secret feelings and thoughts which the husband cannot perceive even if he is present. This is similar to books of Shakespeare that have been translated into contemporary English, with added commentaries for better comprehension. Through this, a social contract between the couple was established, which prevented men to simply abandon a woman as it pleased them. Speak to On the other side, there are the societies of the industrialized nations whose baffled citizens are trying to make sense of the warfare in the Middle East and the acts of terrorism that have at last reached Europe´s front yard. The current political situation in Europe and the Middle East confronts Islam and its believers with a challenging situation. This case of resistance is also referred to as Noshouz. If the woman changes her attitude, the “strike” must be lifted immediately. (For Adam being the progenitor of mankind see Towards Understanding the Qur'an, (Surah 2, verses 31 f.) and (Surah al-A'raf: 11), etc. Introduction The Surah takes its name from V. 98, in which there is a reference to Prophet Yunus (Jonah). We have a detailed description of Surah Nisa. Both have to be kind to each other and control their ego from applying any physical force or verbal offensiveness. This distinction is important and leads us back to our discussion of the Surah An-Nisa’. Surat An-Nisā' (The Women) - سورة النساء Surah 4. Ayesha Ra said Surah An-Nisa was revealed after she… Concerning the children, the former husband is not permitted to separate them from the mother as long as they are younger than 8 years. It is in the fourth chapter of the Quran, with 176 verses, 24 rukus, and 4-5 juz. Yet, another expression would be zarbul masal (ضربُ المثل) which means to give an example. Indeed, translating the Quran is a difficult undertaking. Introduction The Surah takes its name from V. 98, in which there is a reference to Prophet Yunus (Jonah). In addition, Islam’s most essential and fundamental scripture, the Quran, leads in many cases to even more confusion due to its complex and hermeneutical language and the resulting lack of adequate translations. 4. Yet, even when the couple is in a state of mutual dislike, there is no room for rudeness. These are good examples of how women should be treated and the responsibilities and leadership roles that women should take on in society. Based on this, we can differentiate between three types of laws that existed during Mohammad’s lifetime: 1. amdahi: these were the laws that had preexisted the time of Mohammad and that were signed and sealed by him, thereby legitimizing the continuation of their application. There is, for instance, the Surah of the Queen of Saba (Surah 34) who ruled over a vast kingdom during the time of Salomon. Indeed, the Surah An-Nisa’ has been at the core of many controversial debates and its false interpretation has contributed to an image of Islam as a religion of hate and intolerance. However, quite to the contrary, this verse, and those verses adjacent to it, touch upon the topic of Nàfàgheh, which is aimed at the protection of women’s rights. Three shall be named here: 1. Indeed, Allah is ever Exalted and Grand. How was divergence from the original meaning able to occur? Total Verses: 176. This is done by the principle of abrogation according to today’s needs and values. Dr. Azmayesh stresses, that time has come to introduce people to the essence of Islam which encourages people to do good deeds, and love, respect and value all human beings no matter what their race, religious or spiritual affiliation, or gender. These two verses (34 and 35) guide the judges of the Muslim community how to peacefully settle a family quarrel. Today, we would probably say one leaves the house until the situation has cooled off. Thanks for sharing. The guidance of the verse is directed at them. While this sentence might at first glance seem rather harsh, it is important to note that it advises men to leave the house and take distance from the home. The Surah An-Nisa’ in particular demonstrates how a Surah´s meaning can be significantly skewed due to a lack of necessary in-depth background knowledge. 1.3. Surah al Nisa’a (Women) Bismillah ir Rahman ir Raheem In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful O humankind! One can see that the tone of the verse completely changes. Indeed, during Mohammed’s lifetime it was common for people to consult with him about current societal issues. Talliun: the principle of an eye for an eye. It ... Haza min rabbi fadhli | Arabic Calligraphy | Islam... Surah Baqarah Ayat (261-274) | Spending in way of ... 25 Characteristics of Hypocrites mentioned in the Qur'an, Commandments & Prohibitions mentioned in Surah Al Isra (22-39), Story of Prophet Salih & People of Thamud, Surah A'raf Notes (187) | The Last Hour and its Portents. Next to Surah Al-Baqarah, it is the longest Surah of the Qur'an from the point of the number of words and letters. SURAH NISA KEY VERSES: This is a great post. He knew stories of the Old and New Testament that were only briefly mentioned in the Quran, such as the story of Noah’s arch. By examining these hypotheses, the essay furthermore introduces some of the challenges about interpreting and understanding the Quran. The construct “family”, as we know it today, did not exist. You can find Surah Nisa mp3 on Humariweb.com. The details how out of that 'being' its mate was created are not known to us. O mankind! The verse continues on to the second group of women, b) from whom you fear the resistance and no-familial harmony ( وَ اللَّا تيِ تَخَافُونَ نُشُوزَهُنَّ). Translating the Quran word by word will result in plain wrong translations and misinterpretations. The situation of women during the time of Mohammad was dire. Themes: These verses of Surah An'aam speak of the absolute Unity and Supreme Authority of Allah over the whole of the universe. Translations. Dr. Azmayesh emphasizes that the Quran’s goal is to build a strong and just society. Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) He created his wife [Hawwa (Eve)], and from them both He created many men and women and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship). It is the longest of all Meccan Surahs with 206 verses. This part emphasizes that the white bearded sheikhs and old wise personalities of the community carry the responsibility to mediate between a couple that is caught in a fight. Today, many scholars and religious authorities rely on Hadiths and Revayats. Abdul Majid Daryabadi, 4/An-Nisa-161: And also because of their taking usury whereas they were prohibited therefrom, and also because of their devouring the riches of men unlawfully. For if you dislike them – perhaps you dislike a thing and Allah makes therein much good. Background: Madinah surah. In line with this, verse 19 of the Surah An-Nisa’ states that: O you who have believed (the companions of Prophet Muhammad), it is not lawful for you to inherit women by compulsion. Within these Revayats, there are direct quotations that are attributed to the Prophet, named Hadiths. It also shows the Quran’s role as the authoritative source for Muslims. While some adherents of those groups are simply driven by their own biases, prejudices and fears, causing them to reject anything that is different from their own culture and belief system, there is, indeed, a great number of European citizens who are genuinely trying to understand Islam and its belief system. Surah Al-Fatiha is a prayer form Allah, and a complete guidance for the mankind. As such, zarb is an auxiliary verb. 2. tasisi: referring to laws that had preexisted the time of Mohammad and that were entirely rejected by him and replaced by new ones. Surah Nisa English Translation . The interrelationship among different Verses and Surahs. Today, there are a multitude of Revayats and Hadiths most of which are plain inventions, aimed at pursuing and justifying the goals of certain interest groups. In addition, previous scriptures had a very significant influence on the Quran and as such, besides being knowledgeable of the Aramaic and Syriac languages, one has to be able to weave in knowledge about the ancient scriptures that preceded the Quran in order to begin to understand its content. and fàzrebouhonna means to apply to them! In fact, what a woman earns she can keep for herself, while what a man earns he has to share with his wife and family. AL Hawba is actually close relationships that are dependent, like mother, father, sister, daughter etc. 2-2 Property of the orphans. The verse mentions specifically the words sheghâgh, which means dissension and separation, while the word tàlâgh refers to divorce. Indeed, the Surah An-Nisa’ has been at the core of many controversial debates and its false interpretation has contributed to an image of Islam as a religion of hate and intolerance. Evidently, this matter is a question concerning obligations and responsibilities and these topics are a part of the family law within Islamic law. 1.4. Instead of “righteous women, who are devoutly obedient to men”, the verse conveys an image of women who are wise and who are the protectors of values. The verse states: When you are confronted with the familial problems of Noshouz act towards them according to the following three steps: 1. advise them (فَعِظُوهُنّ) this form of the verb is derived from the root of the Arabic word mowezeh (موعظه engl: advise) and simply refers to advising women on how to deal with and cope with the situation at home. If they both desire reconciliation, Allah will cause it between them. If, for instance a woman did not conform to the man’s needs and desires, he could easily abandon her. Beginners like me will get some benefit after reading this post. In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. Revealed At: MADINA. This part of the verse refers to those women, who are the protector of the values at home and who uphold the harmony within the home and the family. It is even plausible to claim that a true understanding of the Quran’s verses and Surahs can only be attained, when examining them within the context of the other verses and eventually the Surahs that they are embedded in. In Surah Al Nisa, following topics are discussed – 1-1 Creation of mankind. Telephone USA (508)580-8350, UK +44 7429 313215, India 91 98490 58466, Pakistan +92 300 8338033 . As such, the mediating role of the arbitrator is stressed here. Yet, most if not all translations of the Quran that can be obtained in bookstores are either literal translations that do not take these details under consideration or they are translations of translations or commentaries of the Quran. II questions that were posed by different groups of people to Prophet Mohammad (e.g., Christian and Jewish scholars as well as tribesmen and Bedouins) concerning different topics and. On one side, there are the fundamentalists who are abusing a religion in order to pursue their own power-driven agenda. This part of the verse advises men to leave the tent and vacate the place for the woman. This tribal structure and hierarchy was the norm during Mohammed’s lifetime and constituted the frame for what is considered a family today. As such, Mohammad was confronted with different kinds of norms and laws during his lifetime. a) In these verses of Surah Al-Anaam the theme of Tawhid is explained. Yet, as we have seen in the example of the Surah An-Nisa’, the description of society back then is frequently mistaken for recommendations. He was therefore not just a prophet and spiritual guide but also a statesman and leader, who dealt with worldly matters and societal issues. Keep up the good work.https://faizanquranacademy.com/quran-academy/learn quran online for kids. For instance, while for most people in Western countries it may seem normal for a man to pay alimonies to his divorced wife, this thought was quite revolutionary back then. Indeed, incorrect interpretations such as these have legitimized the beating, stoning and forced marriage of women for centuries. There were a number of small tribes (eshere) which functioned within a big tribe (ghabile). Therefore, in the case of a sheghâgh (separation), you, referring once more to a mediator, have to find an arbitrator (hàkàm) from the husband’s family and another arbitrator (hàkàm) from the wife’s family. 5-5 Do not trust property to feebleminded people. If she does not change her attitude and behavior at all, it is clear that the couple can no longer live in the same house. In the first step the judge(s) advise(s) the men on how to deal with the situation, then in the second step the couple is encouraged to reconciliate. Another case that belongs to the penal law is when a men strikes his wife. This Surah was revealed when Aisha had moved into the home of Muhammad (saw). Instead, it is an amalgam of different languages such as Aramaic and Syriac. So righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in [the husband’s] absence what Allah would have them guard. Surah Al Mumtahanah, As Saff, Surah Al Jumuah, Al Munafiqun throws its light And reflects the examined ones, the ranks, the congregations, and hypocrites. Indeed, Allah is ever Knowing and Acquainted (with all things). When this occurs, the wife either returns to her parental house or, if she is rich enough and owns a house, she can live on her own. As such, it takes a high degree of linguistic, cultural and historical knowledge and versatility to be able to translate the Quran. The Surah An-Nisa’ in particular demonstrates how a Surah´s meaning can be significantly skewed due to a lack of necessary in-depth background knowledge. This is the true essence of Islam as Prophet Mohammad propagated it. The word eslâh furthermore means to solve the problem, by for instance reconciliating with each other. Order in which revealed: 92. Frequently, this sentence is put out of context and misused by men and women alike in order to justify a patriarchal society and the active oppression of women. Revayats are fabricated stories that were attributed deliberately and incorrectly to the founder of Islam, Prophet Mohammad. The following is a translation of two particular verses (34 and 35) of the Surah An-Nisa’ (Surah 4) as it can be found on an open to the public website: (34) Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth. Author: Urdu Translation: Maulana Mehmood-ul-Hassan - Tafsir Allama Shabbir Ahmed Usmani. 1.1. Briefly explain the main themes in 6: 101-103 and describe their importance in a Muslim's life. Weak people of society are mentioned in this Surah. made by the Quran on how to do things now, such as men should dominate and oppress women. For instance, a central figure during the time after Mohammad’s death was a man named Abu Hurairah (Abū Hurayrah ad-Dawsī al-zahrani). Instead, the verse clearly defines rules and responsibility for men towards their wife. 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