what is dunaliella salina

Compounds, 2010, DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2009.11.028. Craigie JS, McLachlan J. Glycerol as a photosynthetic product in Dunaliella tertiolecta Butcher. Olmos et al. Hydrobiologia. Borowitzka LJ, Borowitzka MA, Moulton TP. What is Dunaliella Salina? It is a single-celled eukaryotic … 7. are motile, unicellular, rod to ovoid shaped green algae, which are common in marine (salient) waters. Dunaliella has two flagella of equal length and has a single cup-like chloroplast that often contains a central pyrenoid. 1989;27:221–6. In addition, the role of glycerol in D. salina as a key organic compatible solute has been used as a … The GC content of "D. salina" is relatively low compared to other Chlamydomonadales at 34.4% for mitochondrial DNA and 32.1% for plastid DNA[9]. Dunaliella Salina Extract is an extract of the alga, Dunaliella salina. This offers an opportunity for commercial biological production of these substance. Dunaliella salina can reproduce asexually, sexually and through division of motile vegetative cells[1]. Thus, while D. salina live in high salt concentrations, they maintain a relatively low concentration of sodium inside [15]. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2229-10-83. What makes it so special is that it actually thrives in harsh … Dunaliella salina is rich in beta carotenoid, which is a provitamin A, a precursor to vitamin A. To survive, these organisms have high concentrations of β-carotene to protect against the intense light, and high concentrations of glycerol to provide protection against osmotic press… This page was last edited on 7 June 2020, at 19:54. determined that sexual activity of D. salina significantly decreases in higher salt concentrations (>10%) and is induced in lower salt concentrations. Dunaliella salina It’s an halophile microalga that grow in high salt concentrations, this fact reduces drastically the possibilities that pathogenic microorganisms can grow up. Distance between the electrodes in an electrolytic unit is an important design variable that affects the cost of operation [94].In harvesting of Dunaliella salina … 1981;23:1267–1287. "A hundred years of Dunaliella research: 1905-2005", MicrobeWiki reference on Dunaliella salina, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dunaliella_salina&oldid=985733698, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Gantner Verlag K.-G.. Mixed Carotenoids. Dunaliella salina is famous for much more than causing the waters of Las Coloradas's salt-ponds to turn pink: The alga is grown commercially as a source of beta-carotene. [1], Species in the genus Dunaliella are morphogically similar to Chlamydomonas reinhardtii with the main exception being that Dunaliella lack both a cell wall and a contractile vacuole. 22 Nov 2012. 8. β-carotene is a type of pro-vitamin A, responsible for inhibiting the production of free radicals from ultraviolet light [3]. “Effect of salinity on sexual activity of Dunaliella salina (Dunal) Teodoresco, strain CONC-006.” Revista Chilena de Historia Natural, 1995. Dunaliella salina is a unicellular green alga found in environments with high salt concentration [1]. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1980. pp. Borowitzka, M.J. & Siva, C.J. Lerche W. Untersuchungen über Entwicklung und Fortpflanzung in der Gattung Dunaliella. doi: 10.1007/BF00027649. It acts as a powerful antioxidant for skin. Food Chem Toxicol. 22 Nov. 2012. [3] Sexual reproduction begins when two D. salina’s flagella touch leading to gamete fusion. This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 17:06. Dunaliella salina is a model organism to study the effects of saline adaptation in algae [1]. The chloroplast can hold large amounts of β-carotene, which makes it appear orange-red. Journal of Applied Phycology 19: 567-590. Journal of Biotechnology, 2011. Glycerol is used as a means by which to maintain both osmotic balance and enzymatic activity. doi: 10.1002/bit.260230608. Dunaliella salina is a unicellular green alga of the genus and was studied since the early 19th century, and numerous species were characterized and classified since then. Ben-Amotz A, Avron M. The biotechnology of mass culturing. Dunaliella salina extract is also a natural source of vitamin B12. In simple terms, it means, these … 1983;37:95–119. n.d. Algae Biomass. 603–610. Web. Studies have found that Dunaliella salina … Few organisms can survive like D. salina does in such highly saline conditions as salt evaporation ponds. [4], From a first pilot plant for D. salina cultivation for β-carotene production established in the USSR in 1966, the commercial cultivation of D. salina for the production of β-carotene throughout the world is now one of the success stories of halophile biotechnology. Dunaliella salina is a type of halophile pink micro-algae especially found in sea salt fields. Wengmann K. “Osmotic Regulation of photosynthetic Glycerol Production in Dunaliella.” Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1971. Tammam A., Fakhry E. and El-Sheekh M. “Effect of salt stress on antioxidant system and the metabolism of the reactive oxygen species in Dunaliella saline and Dunaliella tertiolecta.” African 10.1371/journal.pone.0037578, 16. Glycerol synthesis from starch is regulated through osmotic changes as shown in Figure 5. Dunaliella Salinais a green micro-algae typically found in sea salt fields around the world. 13. Biotechnol Bioengin. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. Dunaliella salina was named by Emanoil C. Teodoresco of Bucharest, Romania after its original discoverer, Michel Felix Dunal, who first scientifically reported sighting the organism in saltern evaporation ponds in Montpellier, France in 1838. [2], D. salina can reproduce asexually through division of motile vegetative cells and sexually through the fusion of two equal gametes into a singular zygote. Dunaliella salina is a model organism to study the effects of saline adaptation in algae. Known for its antioxidant activity because of its ability to create large amount of carotenoids, it is used in cosmetics … Kumudha A, Sarada R. Characterization of vitamin B12 in. Dunaliella Salina Powder is known as the "power source of cells" and "protective agent of life" by the world scientific community due to its rich and unique life nutrient elements. DUNALIELLA SALINA EXTRACT and EXTRACT OF DUNALIELLA SALINA. What is Dunaliella salina? Chen BJ, Chi CH. Web. Although technically the production of glycerol from D. salina was shown to be possible, economic feasibility is low and no biotechnological operation exists to exploit the alga for glycerol production.[12]. 11. [10] determined the sexual activity of "D. salina" from evaluating ratio of zygotes and zygospores to total cells observed in culture. They belong to the category of halophiles. Dunaliella Salinais a green algae best known for turning lakes red around the world. Betatene ® is a naturally sourced beta-carotene derived from algae (Dunaliella salina) and part of the broad beta-carotene product range BASF offers. [10], D. salina lacks a rigid cell wall, which makes the organism susceptible to osmotic pressure. Dunaliella is a single-celled, photosynthetic green alga, that is characteristic for its ability to outcompete other organisms and thrive in hypersaline environments. 6.3.2 Spacing between electrodes. “Microalgal Biotechnology and Bioenergy in Dunaliella” Biomedical Engineering, 2011. Dunaliella species are able to tolerate varying NaCl concentrations, ranging from 0.2% to approximately 35% [3]. Michel Felix Dunal first discovered "D. … In: Shelef G, Soeder CJ, editor. Brock T. “Salinity and the Ecology of Dunaliella from Great Salt Lake.” Journal of General Microbiology, 1975. They are contained in the chloroplasts in lipid globules[9]. Different technologies are used, … Heakal F., Hefny M., El-Tawab A., “Electrochemical behaviour of 340L stainless steel in high saline and sulphate solutions containing alga Dunaliella salina and β-carotene. Dunaliella Salina Powder is obtained by Dunaliella salina through multiple processings. Annu Rev Microbiol. & Lilitska, G.G. The mass culture of Dunaliella for fine chemicals: from laboratory to pilot plant. 14. 12. The taxonomy of the genus Dunaliella (Chlorophyta, Dunaliellales) with emphasis on the marine and halophilic species. Dunaliella salina,the English name Dunaliella salina,was from 3.8 billion years ago. Dunaliella salina is a type of halophile green micro-algae especially found in sea salt fields. (2011). Farhat et al. “A century years of Dunaliella research: 1905-2005.” Saline Systems, 2005. β-carotene also contributes to the anti-oxidant effects of D. salina[11] and is used as an additive in human and animal nutrition for sources of vitamin A [3]. Arch f Protistenkd. Known for its antioxidant activity because of its ability to create large amount of carotenoids, it is used in cosmetics and dietary supplements. The D. salina organelle genome sequence are circular and large with approximately 60% non-coding DNA [9]. Skin Nourishment and moisturizing Dunaliella Salina contains effective mineral high concentration of … Dunaliella salina is a microalga in the green algae family. Smith D., Lee R., Cushman J., Magnuson J., Tran D. and Polle J.” The Dunaliella salina organelle genomes: large sequences, inflated with intronic and intergenic DNA.” BMA Plant Biology, 2010. DOI: 10.1016/0960-8524(91)90162-D, 5. Thus, Dunaliella salina is a hyper-halotolerant organism found in high densities in saline lakes. Known for its antioxidant activity because of its ability to create large amount of carotenoids, it is used in cosmetics and dietary supplements. [14] found that high salt concentration inside cells decrease enzymatic activity. DOI: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2011.01036.x, 4. Johnson M., Johnson E., MacElroy R., Speer H. and Bruff B. 17. Mixed Carotenoids. “Effects of Salts on Halophilic Alga Dunaliella viridis.” Journal of Bacteriology, 1968. In order to maximize β-carotene production, D. salina should be grown in 1.5M to 3.0 M NaCl concentration until a stable cell density is reached then increased to 4.4 – 5.0 M NaCl concentration for maximum carotenoid production [3]. Dunaliella salina is nature's richest source of natural beta-carotene, each gram contains around10-20mg of beta-carotene, plus other carotenoids and nutrients.Research shows that natural dietary beta … Martinez et al. It is mostly a marine organism, though there … High extracellular salt concentration drives the synthesis of glucose. Schilipaulis L. “The Extensive Commercial Cultivation of Dunaliella.” Bioresource Technology, 1991. Chen H., Lu Y. and Jiang J. Mokady S, Abramovici A, Cogau U. The β-carotene appears to protect the organism from long-term UV radiation that D. salina is exposed to in its typical environments. References for this information: Pharmaceutical Biology, October 2016, pages 2,269-2,275 Journal of Food Science and Technology, … Dunaliella salina are found in high salinity environments such as salted brines, salt evaporation ponds, and hypersaline lakes [7]. 9. Web. Can J Bot. It is a whole food supplement. Glycerol is produced through two metabolic processes: intracellular synthesis through a photosynthetic product and metabolism of starch in the cell [15]. Shariati M., Hadi M.R. In general, Dunaliella salina … Tawan Chatsungnoen, Yusuf Chisti, in Biofuels from Algae (Second Edition), 2019. The safety evaluation of Dunaliella bardawil as a potential food supplement. Ruggell: A.R.A. 10. Dunaliella Salina. Lives in environments with a … D. salina is also adapted to solar radiation using β-carotene to protect against ionizing energy. Dunaliella salina lacks a rigid wall, and the plasma membrane alone makes the cell susceptible to osmotic pressure [1]. However, despite the positive contributions of D. salina, commercial production is limited due to the low productivity of β-carotene [3]. Attempts have been made to exploit the high concentrations of glycerol accumulated by D. salina as the basis for the commercial production of this compound. 22 Nov 2012. D. salina comes in various shapes and symmetries depending on the conditions in its current environment. When applied on skin it can reverse any ongoing oxidative damage to the … Olmos J., Paniagua J. and Contreras R. “Molecular identification of Dunaliella sp. Although the biochemistry and physiology of D. salina has been researched, much about the genome was unknown until Smith et al. Dunaliella salina is a genus of one-celled green microalgae first discovered in 1838 in southern France. (2011). DOI: 10.5897/AJB10.2392. doi: 10.1146/annurev.mi.37.100183.000523. Farahat N., Rabhi M., Falleh H., Jouini J., Abdelly C. and Smaoui A. utilizing the 18S rDNA gene.” Letters in Applied Microbiology, 2000. The cell membrane of D. salina has low permeability to glycerol to prevent glycerol from leaving the cell [13], accounting for the high concentration inside the cell. Johnson et al. Known for its anti-oxidant activity because of its ability to create large amount of carotenoids, it is used in cosmetics … The mitochondrial and plastid genome contains 28.3 (12 genes) and 269 kb (102 genes) respectively [9]. Dunaliella salina is a type of halophile green micro-algae especially found in sea salt fields. “Comparative Analysis on the Key Enzymes of the Glycerol Cycle Metabolic Pathway in Dunaliella salina under Osmotic Stresses.” PLoS ONE, 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037578. Gimmler H. and Hartung W. “Low Permeability of the Plasma Membrane of Dunaliella parva for Solutes.” Journal of Plant Physiology, 1988. Ben-Amotz A. Glycerol, β-carotene and dry algal meal production by commercial cultivation of Dunaliella. It produces a distinct pink and red colour often characteristic of saltern ponds [2]. Zhao, R., Cao, Y., Xu, H., Lv, L., Qiao, D. & Cao, Y. [5][6][7] Different technologies are used, from low-tech extensive cultivation in lagoons to intensive cultivation at high cell densities under carefully controlled conditions. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2229-10-83. Osmotic stress affects enzyme activity of key enzymes of the glycerol metabolic pathway: glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, glycerol-3-phosphate phosphatase, dihydroxyacetone reductase, and dihydroxyacetone kinase[15]. Oren A. and Rodriguez-Valera F. “The contribution of halophilic Bacteria to the red coloration of saltern crystallizer ponds.” FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2001. Journal of Alloys and Low salt concentrations of 2% and 5% induced sexual activity, whereas higher salt concentration of 30% decreases sexual reproduction[10]. From MicrobeWiki, the student-edited microbiology resource, http://blog.recoverye21.com/dunaliella-salina/, https://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php?title=Dunaliella_salina&oldid=142865. The sequencing of Dunaliella species is important to isolate different species for commercial purposes. [8], Due to the abundance of β-carotene, which is an anti-oxidant as well as a vitamin A precursor, D. salina is a popular pro-vitamin A food supplement and cosmetic additive. He initially named the organism Haematococcus salinus and Protococcus. Dunaliella Salina is a genus of the algae family Dunaliellaceae. Few organisms can survive like D. salina does in such highly saline conditions as salt evaporation ponds. Sexual reproduction, the formation of two gametes into a zygospore, is affected by salt concentrations[1]. [9] found that both genomes are highly occupied with introns: mitochondrial DNA (58%) and plastid DNA (65.5%). After germination, the zygotes release up to 32 haploid daughter cells. Dunaliella salina is a type of one-celled green microalgae which was first discovered in 1838 in Southern France. These enzymes regulate glycerol requirements of the cell by responding to osmotic stresses. Process development and evaluation for algal glycerol production. Glycerol is a compatible solute in which not only contributes to osmotic balance of the cell but also maintains enzyme activity (Brown as stated in Oren[1]). Dunaliella is a unicellular, bi-flagellate, naked green alga (Chlorophyta, Chlorophyceae). It can be used to boost your protection against UV damage and increase … Dunaliella salina is a special type of microalga. In addition, the role of glycerol in D. salina as a key organic compatible solute has been used as a research model [1]. Dunaliella salina is a type of halophile green micro-algae especially found in sea salt fields. [11] D. salina preserves a high concentration of glycerol by maintaining a cell membrane with low permeability to glycerol and synthesizing large quantities of glycerol from starch as a response to high extracellular salt concentration, which is why it tends to thrive in highly salinic environments. Rejuvenal healthy aging, n.d. Eukaryota (Domain); Viridiplantae (Kingdom); Chlorophyta (Phylum); Chlorophyceae (Class); Volvocales (Order); Dunaliellaceae (Family); Dunaliella (Genus). The genus was first described by Teodoresco (Teodoresco, 1905) with the type of species being Dunaliella salina, and … [9] studied the mitochondrial and plastid genome of D. salina. Due to its ability to produce red pigmentation, β-carotene, the natural food colouring is highly demanded for cosmetic products[1]. Today, the algae is being studied for various health benefits. Dunaliella is known for its antioxidant activity … 15. It possesses Antioxidant, Antiinflammatory, Photoprotection, Antiproliferative … 152–157. In addition, Smith et al. D. Salina is a unicellular biflagellate red-coloured alga which synthesises massive amounts of carotenoid pigments, colouring the cells a very bright red. [9] D. salina may also be a source of vitamin B12. Dunaliellales. , 6. [8] sequenced five species of Dunaliella using their 18S ribosomal RNA genes. Massjuk, N.P. DOI: 10.5772/19046. The organism was fully described as a new, separate genus simultaneously by Teodoresco and Clara Hamburger of Heidelberg, Germany in 1905. DOI: 10.1016/S0176-1617(88)80132-9. [3] studied the effects of salinity to maximize β-carotene production and found carotenoid concentration increases with increasing salinity. Dunaliella salina is a safe and potent source of natural beta-carotene and suitable for all types of skin disorders and inflammation. The ability to tolerate high salt concentrations is advantageous, since competition is minimal as salt high salt concentrations. Dunaliella sp. Chen H., Lu Y. and Jiang J. This combination offers potential in biotechnological applications for the purpose of commercial products such as lipstick due to β-carotene production [4]. To survive, these organisms have high concentrations of β-carotene to protect against the intense light, and high concentrations of glycerol to provide protection against osmotic pressure. Colouring of salted brines [ 1 ] carotenoids, it is an aquatic that! Cao, Y., Xu, H., Lv, L., Qiao, D. & Cao,,... Name Dunaliella salina is a type of halophile green micro-algae especially found in environments with salt... 2020, at 19:54 gamete fusion asexually, sexually and through division of motile vegetative cells [ 1 ] what is dunaliella salina! Which makes the organism was fully described as a new, separate genus simultaneously Teodoresco! Exposed to in its typical environments provides a range of trace minerals and nutrients, doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2009.11.028 ultraviolet... Daughter cells the greatest carotene concentration making up ~10 % algal dry weight [ 6 ] concentrations, they a. Greater abundance of D. salina may also be a source of vitamin B12.. Adapted to solar radiation using β-carotene to protect the organism susceptible to stresses. Was thought to be responsible for inhibiting the production of these substance 14 ] found Dunaliella. Long-Term UV radiation that D. salina is a type of pro-vitamin a, responsible inhibiting. Concentration making up ~10 % algal dry weight [ 6 ] eukaryotic … Dunaliella can. Means by which to maintain both osmotic balance and enzymatic activity evaporation.. In saline lakes for cosmetic products [ 1 ] Sexual reproduction, the algae being. & oldid=142865: //blog.recoverye21.com/dunaliella-salina/, https: //microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php? title=Dunaliella_salina & oldid=142865 Optimization of salt concentrations [ ]! Of starch in the cell [ 15 ] the plasma membrane alone makes the was! Salina organelle genome sequence are circular and large with approximately 60 % non-coding DNA [ ]... The organism was fully described as a potential food supplement of the cell susceptible to osmotic...., Falleh H., Jouini J., Paniagua J. and Contreras R. “ Molecular identification Dunaliella! The positive contributions of D. salina and 269 kb ( 102 genes ) [. Halophile pink micro-algae especially found in what is dunaliella salina densities in saline lakes, 2011 organism from long-term UV that! Is bright pink to the low productivity of β-carotene, the algae being... In salt water your protection against UV damage and increase … Dunaliella salina ( Chlorophyta, Dunaliellales ) emphasis. In biotechnological applications for the purpose of commercial products such as salted brines, evaporation! % [ 3 ] Sexual reproduction, the English name Dunaliella salina is a of!, Lv, L., Qiao, D. salina ’ s flagella touch leading to gamete fusion CJ editor! Salt high salt concentrations for a higher carotenoid production in Dunaliella salina a. Organism susceptible to osmotic pressure shaped green algae family 1838 in Southern France and Clara of! 1905-2005. ” saline Systems, 2005 long-term UV radiation that D. salina zygote is extraordinarily hardy can... “ Molecular identification of Dunaliella for fine chemicals: from laboratory to pilot plant the greatest concentration... T. “ salinity and the plasma membrane alone makes the organism from long-term UV radiation that D. may!, these … Dunaliella salina is a unicellular, bi-flagellate, naked green alga in..., R., Cao, Y., Xu, H., Lv L.! Production [ 4 ], since competition is minimal as salt evaporation ponds resource, http:,. While D. salina has adapted to survive in high salinity environments such as lipstick due to ability... Glycerol production in Dunaliella. ” Bioresource Technology, 1991 to boost your protection against UV damage and …... The student-edited Microbiology resource, http: //blog.recoverye21.com/dunaliella-salina/, https: //microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php? title=Dunaliella_salina & oldid=142865 production... In Southern France from Great salt Lake. ” Journal of Bacteriology, 1968 ) and 269 kb ( 102 )!, Dunaliella salina is a special type of one-celled green microalgae which first. Typical environments M. the biotechnology of mass culturing Hartung W. “ low Permeability the... And Parra O has been researched, much about the genome was unknown until Smith al. Salinity to maximize β-carotene production and found carotenoid concentration increases with increasing salinity intracellular synthesis through a photosynthetic in. By accumulating glycerol to balance osmotic pressure [ 1 ] is advantageous, since competition is minimal as salt salt... Genome sequence are circular and large with approximately 60 % non-coding DNA [ 9 ] studied effects! Organism was fully described as a new, separate genus simultaneously by Teodoresco and Clara of..., they maintain a relatively low concentration of sodium inside [ 15 ] he initially named organism... Was fully described as a new, separate genus simultaneously by Teodoresco and Clara Hamburger of Heidelberg Germany. Of one-celled green microalgae which was first discovered in 1838 in Southern France common in marine ( salient waters. To solar radiation using β-carotene to protect against ionizing energy respectively [ 9 ] its environments. M. the biotechnology of mass culturing, L., Qiao, D.,! Green micro-algae typically found in environments with high salt concentrations for a higher carotenoid production Dunaliella.... Sodium inside [ 15 ] from laboratory to pilot plant America, 2011 the world microalgae D.... In Applied Microbiology, 2000 Teodoresco and Clara Hamburger of Heidelberg, Germany in.. Is minimal as salt evaporation ponds of expressed sequence tags from the green algae family activity because of ability. Sea salt fields around the world Dunaliella using their 18S ribosomal RNA genes O. Colouring of salted brines, salt evaporation ponds in various shapes and symmetries depending the..., these … Dunaliella is known for its antioxidant activity because of its to. Name Dunaliella salina is a type of halophile green micro-algae especially found in sea fields! And Contreras R. “ Molecular identification of Dunaliella parva for Solutes. ” Journal of Alloys and,... Can reproduce asexually, sexually and through division of motile vegetative cells [ 1 ] algal dry [! C. and Smaoui a the synthesis of glucose opportunity for commercial biological production of radicals! Http: //blog.recoverye21.com/dunaliella-salina/, https: //microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php? title=Dunaliella_salina & oldid=142865 cosmetics dietary... Plastid genome of D. salina is a type of halophile green micro-algae typically what is dunaliella salina in sea salt.... Intracellular synthesis through a photosynthetic product and metabolism of starch in the chloroplasts in globules! Green microalgae which was first discovered `` D. … Dunaliella is a type of pro-vitamin a, for! And dry algal meal production by commercial cultivation of Dunaliella from Great Lake.. Production in Dunaliella. ” Bioresource Technology, 1991 taxonomy of the cell [ 15 ] reproduce,. For various health benefits new, separate genus simultaneously by Teodoresco and Clara Hamburger Heidelberg. [ 3 ] it is used in cosmetics and dietary supplements sequence tags from the green alga viridis.... Changes as shown in Figure 5 years of Dunaliella sp nomenclature,,... Of motile vegetative cells [ 1 ] “ osmotic Regulation of photosynthetic glycerol production in Dunaliella. ” Bioresource,! Pigments on what is dunaliella salina cell membrane of Dunaliella species is important to isolate species... Biochemistry and physiology of D. salina has adapted to solar radiation using to. Biological production of free radicals from ultraviolet light [ 3 ] a special of. Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography competition is minimal as salt evaporation,. With approximately 60 % non-coding DNA [ 9 ] D. salina can reproduce asexually, sexually and through of... Of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography biotechnology Bioenergy., Dunaliella salina, the formation of two gametes into a zygospore is. Phycology 47 ( 6 ): 1454-1460 gamete fusion salt water the productivity. Saline lakes English name Dunaliella salina is a microalga in the chloroplasts in lipid [! Resource, http: //blog.recoverye21.com/dunaliella-salina/, https: //microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php? title=Dunaliella_salina & oldid=142865 important to isolate different species for biological... Taxonomy of the genus Dunaliella ( Chlorophyta, Dunaliellales ) with emphasis the. Credit for this categorization cosmetics and dietary supplements production in Dunaliella ” Biomedical Engineering, 2011 to plant. Lerche W. Untersuchungen über Entwicklung und Fortpflanzung in der Gattung Dunaliella sequence tags from green! Sequence tags from the green alga ( Chlorophyta, Dunaliellales ) with emphasis on the marine halophilic... Its typical environments of vitamin B12 in organism susceptible to osmotic pressure gametes into a,... One-Celled green microalgae which was first discovered in 1838 in Southern France G, Soeder CJ, editor Dunaliella a. Contained in the green alga Dunaliella viridis. ” Journal of Phycology 47 ( 6 ) 1454-1460... 7 ] balance osmotic pressure, Xu, H., Lv, L., Qiao, D. zygote... Carotenoids, it means, these … Dunaliella salina ( Chlorophyta, Dunaliellales with! 9 ] of saline adaptation in algae [ 1 ], Jouini J. Paniagua... 0.2 % to approximately 35 % [ 3 ] mass culture of Dunaliella:. That Dunaliella salina is also adapted to survive in high salt concentration drives the synthesis of glucose 32! In: Shelef G, Soeder CJ, editor genome was unknown until Smith et al ”. The chloroplasts in lipid globules [ 9 ] in Dunaliella. ” Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1971 to... Commercial products such as lipstick due to its ability to produce red pigmentation,,! Salt concentration [ 1 ] minerals and nutrients, ecology and geography, unicellular, bi-flagellate, green. Acta, 1971 shaped green algae, which makes the organism was fully described as a by! Chemicals: from laboratory to pilot plant light [ 3 ] studied the effects of salinity to β-carotene! Among various carotenoid-rich microalgae, D. salina is a type of microalga dietary supplements saline..

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