jim crow literacy test pdf

/F3 125 0 R 2. /Resources /F10 196 0 R /F10 292 0 R >> /F6 300 0 R /F6 138 0 R << >> /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] /Contents 36 0 R /Name /F2 PDF (1015.04 KB) Add to cart ... Jim Crow Era Literacy Test (with Answers) by . 8 0 obj /BaseFont /Helvetica At one time, state and local poll taxes were common, but by the mid-20th Century they were mainly limited to the South as a means of preventing Blacks and poor whites from voting. /F3 239 0 R /Name /F10 /F8 7 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /F6 58 0 R 149 0 obj<< >>endobj /F1 143 0 R /Subtype /Type1 << /F1 289 0 R /F10 212 0 R /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /Resources << /F5 10 0 R Jim Crow voting laws were also passed throughout the states in an effort to keep African Americans from the polls. /BaseFont /Times-Bold /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] >> /ProcSet 229 0 R /F9 185 0 R /Font /XObject 200 0 R 1870 c. 1879 d. 1889 6. /F5 139 0 R a Of this 2 Draw a line under the last word in this line. /F12 160 0 R 1867 b. /F5 189 0 R /F3 93 0 R v@�� ĺb� �?_�����3n�` ~�� << /F7 251 0 R /XObject 134 0 R /ProcSet 131 0 R One website said, "Denying black men the right to vote through legal maneuvering and violence was a first step in taking away their civil rights. /Resources /Subtype /Type1 /F2 13 0 R /F12 144 0 R Jim Crow was not enacted as a universal, written law of the land. /ProcSet 213 0 R At the same time, a new phrase was born – the Grandfather Clause. /ProcSet 35 0 R /Parent 166 0 R Literacy Test (This test is to be given to anyone who a fifth grade education) Do what you are told to do in each statement, nothing more, nothing less. Learning Outcomes:-Describe. /Type /Page /F10 50 0 R >> /F4 28 0 R %%EOF /F12 96 0 R /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] /F11 307 0 R INTRODUCTORY ACTIVITY Give students the Alabama State Literacy Test telling them that it is a “pop quiz.” Give students %PDF-1.3 /ProcSet 293 0 R /F8 56 0 R >>endobj >> /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] /F9 23 0 R Jim Crow laws were state and local laws and statutes enacted by southern and border states in the late 1870s to deny Blacks the right to vote in the South following Reconstruction (1865-1877).. >> Tennessee passed a law permitting African Americans to vote in the year a. Materials (What primary sources or local resources are the basis for this lesson?) 20 0 obj<< /F6 74 0 R /F2 304 0 R /F3 109 0 R /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /Courier /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] What were “Jim Crow” laws and how did they affect African Americans? >> /Name /F8 endobj /BaseFont /Courier-Oblique /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] /Contents 214 0 R /F4 60 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] /F7 73 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding Politics in the Jim Crow Era. /F8 88 0 R >> /F7 153 0 R /ProcSet 147 0 R �ٳf͛6lٳf͛6lٳf͛6lٳf͛+�6l�y�f͛6lٳf͛6l�Yy�f͛6lٳf͛6Q�͛6lٳf͛6lٳf͛6lٳee�͛6lٳf͛1͛6l�D��� �6�͛6lٲ� �w���͛6lٳf͛6lٳf͛6lٳf͛6lٲ��͛6lٳf͛6lٳf͛5sf͛6lٰ�_�/t�'�������\(�$p�d;�z�R�S�r9��~���t��/Y_R+�.�����yM(v�jz��Iƿ��[1�[���Y-")iU�dd�ߐ��G�9\iZ��t������H����uc�mj��J8�+��%. /F7 171 0 R /Contents 278 0 R /XObject 232 0 R /F12 112 0 R 0 >> 4. /Name /F5 /F5 173 0 R /F1 305 0 R endstream endobj 22 0 obj <>stream /Type /Page Plessy vs Ferguson. /F7 267 0 R 21 0 obj<< Poll taxes. >> (f`hb �QLo�@\nf�~ �Db /Name /F1 x���I��6������E3�jb����LWO��H�p�ܘ��J��d���ٿ~�>�Tu���G���_��cwO�ݟ���#wO��7��p��$�#UuW��A!�ݿ=�ݿ?���~cJ 1870 c. 1889 d. 1920 5. /F5 59 0 R h�22Q0P02U07V���w�(q.I,I�݃�@ /F3 319 0 R << endstream endobj 21 0 obj <>stream /Font /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] << /F9 297 0 R Here is an opportunity to really bring history to life in a memorable fashion. A literacy test assesses a person's literacy skills: their ability to read and write. /F2 240 0 R >> >>endobj /F3 12 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] /F12 128 0 R /F4 76 0 R A "poll tax" was a tax you had to pay in order to vote. 23 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<1BFFE0CA23E9D3FA8F9C09300EF3FAAA><11CEBE535682F2428EC6B802CB95FCCE>]/Index[17 10]/Info 16 0 R/Length 50/Prev 152295/Root 18 0 R/Size 27/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream /F5 269 0 R 14 0 obj "Many of today’s students have only a vague understanding of the dreadful impact of Jim Crow laws and customs." They were designed to keep White and Black people … endobj tested people's ability to read and write; you have to pass this test in order to vote. /F1 225 0 R /Contents 100 0 R /Type /Page /F4 222 0 R >> /F8 24 0 R /XObject 168 0 R >>endobj /Parent 166 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] << /F6 106 0 R >>endobj Applicants were required to chose a test at random to make it hard for them to study. /Resources /ProcSet 83 0 R /F11 259 0 R a. /Resources << /BaseFont /Helvetica-Bold /F7 25 0 R /Contents 198 0 R << /F10 98 0 R /F7 219 0 R >> /F12 210 0 R /Type /Page /F9 103 0 R In the Jim Crow Era, white politicians made black voters pay Poll Taxes when they went to vote. /BaseFont /Helvetica-BoldOblique /F1 63 0 R /F4 318 0 R endobj /Contents 294 0 R /F2 208 0 R /Name /F4 17 0 obj <> endobj 231 0 obj<< /F12 274 0 R /F9 71 0 R The Jim Crow Museum at Ferris State University strives to become a leader in social activism and in the discussion of race and race relations. /Type /Font /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] Excerpts from U.S. Constitution (13th, 14th, and 15 Amendment) included at end of this document 2). /F11 291 0 R /F1 321 0 R /F12 242 0 R Literacy tests have been administered by various governments to immigrants. /Type /Page /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] /Subtype /Type1 /F3 287 0 R /F10 276 0 R << /F2 192 0 R /F6 204 0 R >> In the United States, between the 1850s and 1960s, literacy tests were administered to prospective voters, and this had the effect of disenfranchising African Americans and others. << Literacy test. /F4 140 0 R /F9 201 0 R * … >> << /F8 152 0 R The State of Louisiana Literacy Test (This test is to bc givcn to anyonc who cannot provc a fifth gadc education.) >>endobj >> >>endobj /BaseFont /Times-Roman endobj /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] >>endobj /Resources /Parent 2 0 R /F8 136 0 R /F10 244 0 R /F2 142 0 R 167 0 obj<< endobj /Font /Contents 230 0 R Literacy tests were introduced into the voting process in the South with the Jim Crow laws. History of Reconstruction and Jim Crow Era . /Parent 166 0 R /ProcSet 309 0 R /Type /Page /F5 301 0 R About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at Civil Rights Movement - Jim Crow Laws. /Parent 2 0 R These laws included poll taxes and literacy tests that were impossible for uneducated free slaves to pass. /Subtype /Type1 /F10 146 0 R One literacy test in particular, administered in Louisiana, was designed to trip up candidates with convoluted phrasing. h�bbd``b` /F12 258 0 R 26 0 obj <>stream /Resources 19 0 obj<< A white actor would blacken his face and perform like a fool. %���� /Type /Font /F4 206 0 R /Subtype /Type1 /XObject 118 0 R /Subtype /Type1 /F4 174 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] endobj /F4 238 0 R /XObject 280 0 R >> /F5 237 0 R �6�ʗ�&�]���t $�w��x[��xzsY�d��X�k3LsX� �S��0a�ś,HJ��}���ϯ�Lj�i!� �� !�N��8��t�b�14֗�J��k�z�8�%v�ŠF���jf��,*8��lb#���Z�R,5�C��>_)�@��(.��� �ibY���Qq�P��Hջ�$�����a�b � ��2��B>ɩM ��2����PC�kNO'pN/~��nեa�+�u��FA�=�t�zت/��J3��EYHEQ���؟g#H�������V�s��(Qu�4S��9Z��d�)�8����5*ھ)%���|��EU��x�nU4���2}�l���@AWWH�;�\M �E�ӭ��Z�-ѱ�cƋb���^� 2Ѭt��$��r��pY�T�v�U�У"�!J�%Jz��? /XObject 150 0 R /F1 273 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode Jim Crow was the name of a clown character found in minstrel shows. /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] >> State Of Louisiana Literacy Test Answer Key This summer, we revisited a literacy test from the Jim Crow South State of louisiana literacy test answer key. /Type /Page /F11 179 0 R /Resources /Subtype /Type1 /F9 119 0 R /F11 65 0 R /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] endobj /Contents 148 0 R /F1 47 0 R /F6 42 0 R /Type /Font The Louisiana Literacy Test This was a test that was given to black Americans before they were allowed to vote. /F3 77 0 R 4 0 obj<>stream >> /Resources /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /Contents 262 0 R /Parent 166 0 R For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Civil Rights Movement - Jim Crow Laws webquest print page. /Font /F12 322 0 R /F3 303 0 R endobj /Contents 52 0 R >> Look for patterns in the questions asked in the literacy test. >> /Parent 166 0 R >> /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] /F4 124 0 R From August 1964 to July 1965, Alabama used 100 different literacy tests as part of its complicated voter registration system. /F8 120 0 R /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] /Parent 166 0 R /Type /Page /F7 137 0 R /F6 268 0 R For this question, I went ahead and looked up one of those literacy tests. /F2 224 0 R << << /F12 64 0 R << << 247 0 obj<< /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] 85 0 obj<< /F11 113 0 R /Font /BaseFont /Courier-BoldOblique << 12 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] /F9 55 0 R /F3 255 0 R /F9 39 0 R /Font << /Resources 19 0 R >> 101 0 obj<< /Type /Page 1861 b. /F7 57 0 R Transcript of the Voter Registration Literacy Test in Alabama Source-Dependent Questions This is a sample literacy test used by National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) to help prepare African Americans who want to register to vote in Alabama. /ProcSet 18 0 R /F11 211 0 R /ProcSet 181 0 R /Name /F7 /F8 72 0 R H��w6RH/�-�517�3000T0 BsC=# ��\��L����R!9�W�3�P�%�7� � Q8� Do you think you could pass and win your right to vote? >>endobj 16 0 obj 17 0 obj >>endobj /F12 194 0 R endobj /F7 187 0 R /F9 217 0 R /F10 260 0 R /F5 155 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /F2 288 0 R /Resources /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] /F3 191 0 R 311 0 obj<< /F3 45 0 R /Type /Font 3 0 obj<< Jim Crow Laws - There have been many laws used during the history of the United States, but one set of laws which were very unfair and solely based on the race of an individual were the Jim Crow Laws . /Resources /F12 290 0 R /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /F11 49 0 R >> << /F9 135 0 R /ProcSet 99 0 R >> /Resources /F5 221 0 R /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /F2 30 0 R /F9 313 0 R /F4 302 0 R 279 0 obj<< /F1 159 0 R The use of secret ballots made voter fraud a common practice. << /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /F4 254 0 R This is a 30 question Literacy Test given by the state of Louisiana to disenfranchise African Americans in the early 1900's. Do what you arc told to do in each statcmcnt, nothing more, nothing less. /Type /Font /Parent 2 0 R •Jim Crow laws •Plessy v. Ferguson ... failed the literacy test or could not pay the poll tax, several Southern states added the grandfather clauseto their constitutions. /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] >> /F10 308 0 R /BaseFont /Helvetica-Oblique /Contents 246 0 R >> He would sing a song with the words "Wheel about, turn about, dance jest so- Every time I wheel about I shout Jim Crow." << You will describe the barriers black voters faced in the Jim Crow South. >> /Parent 2 0 R /Resources /Name /F11 Avv�E����%��.n�����N���IY��%@���� /Subtype /Type1 endobj /F9 151 0 R >> >> /Type /Font /Type /Page 15 0 obj /Im0 327 0 R /F7 105 0 R Jim Crow came to represent the African-Americans who laughed on the outside, accepting their lot in life. /XObject 184 0 R /F2 158 0 R << /XObject 264 0 R /F9 169 0 R << /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] /F2 110 0 R /F2 94 0 R >> a tax assessed on an individual, usually as a condition of voting in an election; people had to pay a fee to register to vote . *Qذ8HX�wJB{j,���EE�pI������6�t � enTC,���������8�969���E��sv?�8F"�k¬�44s{:�Hm��ʇ�^��I��}���#`��������҄8?�`���o�����J^����z�)��'�c�1�@p|��C1>�.��7ڶ��#g֕���r���@�H~m�J��i8�㱩c�����3�����bO�~I�kL�F��z[Z�K��� 21/10/2020. /F2 78 0 R /F6 220 0 R >> /Type /Page /Name /F3 Name two levels of government which can levy taxes: 24. /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] /F4 44 0 R /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Resources 69 0 obj<< 199 0 obj<< It is in this general sense that the term "literacy test" is applied to those southern states that did not us an actual reading test. 263 0 obj<< Take The Literacy Test Given To Black Voters In The 60's . Copy of the Alabama Voter Registration Form 3). << /F10 34 0 R /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] /Subtype /Type1 >> /Resources /Contents 182 0 R s !1AQa"q�2���B#�R��3b�$r��%C4S���cs�5D'���6Tdt���&� 5 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] << << >> /Type /Font /F11 243 0 R /F7 299 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] >>endobj /F5 43 0 R /F6 122 0 R /Contents 326 0 R << << /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /F11 33 0 R /F11 81 0 R /F2 272 0 R /ProcSet 261 0 R >> /Contents 84 0 R /ProcSet 245 0 R /ProcSet 197 0 R /F3 271 0 R /F2 176 0 R /F3 61 0 R /F6 316 0 R >> >>endobj 11 0 obj /F7 235 0 R /F6 252 0 R ~>PDF @*BOOK The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness #Full Pages | By - Michelle Alexander The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness Detail of Books Author : Michelle Alexanderq Pages : 312 pagesq Publisher : Perseusq Language : engq ISBN-10 : 1595586431q ISBN-13 : 9781595586438q /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] ��EF��V�U(�������eu��������fv��������7GWgw��������8HXhx��������)9IYiy��������*:JZjz���������� ? ,�� ��x�j�߻^P�� L��cP�.����*� ��L50�z��k�������J�U /Type /Font << /Contents 68 0 R They were laws enforced in the South of the country which were mostly put in place during the late 1800s and early 1900s. M�u8��! << << #"""#''''''''''�� ��" �� � 1965 ALABAMA LITERACY TEST PAGE 2 22. /Type /Page /Type /Font ���� Adobe d� �� C What were Jim Crow Laws? 6 0 obj /F3 207 0 R /Type /Page /F3 223 0 R << /F11 129 0 R three Jim Crow Laws-Explain. /Contents [20 0 R 4 0 R ] /Font /Font 37 0 obj<< 9 0 obj What are the questions mostly about? << FF�vv@�`G��Ĝ�T�`_=#�� }ϔԼ�̒J��ʂT�Uvv a&F 18 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageI /ImageC] /Subtype /Type1 /F10 162 0 R /F4 11 0 R /F8 104 0 R /F5 317 0 R /ProcSet 277 0 R /F2 46 0 R /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] /Contents 310 0 R /ProcSet 115 0 R /Type /Page /F11 161 0 R << /F6 188 0 R /F8 170 0 R �^��Q��7G�{yDG(Ar��s D���3~U;)���q���Pr�C���y>�f ���Uo�y�=�S[�������ӹ-k���e!Ջ�L��� �y�t�0_�|u�L�]4\cZČ�orF2��Lm�9`�]�$��P� dz��,���y&A�WN�)h's��EZ��E��?�"א�����P�*0�D�ϕt3[K�ϝ.8��FE�\�q�|K��� ��i1�6�[�A��;&}`]�^� ֤�H�����֗��*ѐ�]���H*����J���^��B�|������� k���z�5σ�����䷣B߾o���=A��춐>&O�I�k�ٌāsF��d�W��q�]�J8�+'l���C;�Cѹ��ʱ��8pd L��((j�6���d�a�"l����!���z����|p�}7n���'��92~C�����e.X��2t���H�IE���p�3K�D�� ?�!b3'n�q��ĎA�= ��8z���|0{�>6*����t���ط�M +�кY�7!ǀ��1*�U�� � }+�Q���>���������>a���9���D� B��l�d�KE��%Jv�����s�U0�l�c�^G�����?����~L�X^��'L����_��۾��. endstream endobj startxref /XObject 216 0 R Literacy tests were used to keep people of color -- and, sometimes, poor whites -- from voting, and they were administered at the discretion of the officials in charge of voter registration. /Parent 166 0 R << In 1907, Georgia Governor Hoke Smith, who had campaigned promising to disenfranchise black voters, signed an act that would amend Georgia's constitution and impose a literacy test as a requirement for voting. /F1 79 0 R /F8 186 0 R /Type /Font /Parent 2 0 R /Font /F7 41 0 R /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /F10 82 0 R /F11 195 0 R These were state and local laws and statutes enacted by Southern and border states in the late 1870s to deny Black Americans the right to vote in the South following Reconstruction (1865–1877). << /Parent 166 0 R /BaseFont /Courier-Bold "��vm-����J��qy�P���e��&��E~#G���VNv�Nz�2��c�%�`��}����t`�i�Y* �Y@ RI ���P�cXT? Poll tax. /Type /Page /F6 154 0 R endobj MATERIALS Political cartoons, Watson reading (“The Negro Question in the South”), Alabama State Literacy Test, Dr. Seuss cartoon. >> /F3 29 0 R If they failed this test, they would not be allowed to cast their vote. /F1 193 0 R 215 0 obj<< /Parent 2 0 R /F12 306 0 R << /F10 66 0 R /F12 178 0 R )'L�ta�c"��t�-� �*�� �+��8�#��D�:@n���Y* �&�%JJ��4��� Ĥr�ܬ�ѓ��n�I�R �F(�$�p�؄T�8�C�����m@��c �� �u�0a��w��N����W���Y�%t��ԘY���AY��X�ܪ� fV��!i�5p��K?�t�0�6NT�0��>��47X\��T2�؜ZE�C$���Fy�Dn5`��c���Da�0�1Zz��O�"�]/��C(߽:�d�㎵ /Font Qualifying to Vote Under Jim Crow In this activity you will learn about literacy tests and other barriers that kept black Southerners from being able to vote. /F9 87 0 R << /Font /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] 183 0 obj<< /F12 226 0 R /F1 127 0 R /F12 80 0 R /Resources Jim Crow era, African Americans continued to be denied access to the ballot through poll taxes and literacy tests. /Parent 2 0 R >> 10 0 obj /F5 285 0 R Here's an interactive example of one such test. /Font /Type /Page /F4 92 0 R >>endobj /F7 283 0 R /ProcSet 163 0 R /Type /Page endobj /Font /XObject 102 0 R >>endobj endobj The first Jim Crow law was passed by the legislature of a. Alabama b. Louisiana c. Mississippi d. Tennessee 4. << /F9 6 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] << >> /F9 281 0 R Speaker A: Some slaves were freed after the Emancipation Proclamation; others were freed by an amendment to the Constitution. /Type /Font /F10 180 0 R << /F5 205 0 R >> Communism was the type of government in: U.S. England Russia 25. << /Font /F11 145 0 R >> >>endobj << /Resources /F6 236 0 R Be as one wrong denotes failure of the have 10 minutes to complete the teq. Glue your test in and answer this question in your book: How is this a way of persecuting black Americans? /F8 266 0 R /Contents 164 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] /Font /Name /F9 /Parent 166 0 R /F9 233 0 R >> /XObject 86 0 R >> 2 0 obj<>endobj /Font /F5 123 0 R /Subtype /Type1 /F1 95 0 R /F4 190 0 R /F8 282 0 R /F5 91 0 R /CropBox [0 0 504.96 720] /XObject 296 0 R True False 23. /Type /Page Objectives 1. /Parent 2 0 R /F8 40 0 R %PDF-1.4 %���� /Resources /F6 26 0 R /F8 202 0 R /F10 114 0 R /F9 265 0 R *5cĿ����R��*Lp �ղ�DPi�녠r�?���r� >> /F6 284 0 R << endstream 133 0 obj<< /F5 75 0 R You also take a 1960s literacy test from Alabama. � /F10 228 0 R Instead, a patchwork of state and local laws, codes, and agreements enforced segregation to different degrees and in different ways across the nation. /F6 9 0 R /XObject 38 0 R /Font Georgia's Literacy Test August 21, 1907 - Georgia It was a major blow to the rights of black Georgians. 13 0 obj /XObject 5 0 R << /F11 227 0 R >>endobj /F7 89 0 R /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /F2 256 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] /F6 90 0 R It’s not that hard - but it is REALLY confusing. /Font >> /F11 97 0 R /XObject 248 0 R Literacy tests were introduced into the voting process in the South with the Jim Crow laws. /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> << >>endobj >> /Name /F12 /F2 320 0 R /F1 257 0 R Given predominantly to African-Americans living in Louisiana in 1964, the test consisted of 30 ambiguous questions to be answered in 10 minutes. /Contents 116 0 R << >>endobj >>endobj /F10 130 0 R /Name /F6 /F7 8 0 R 295 0 obj<< /F3 175 0 R Those laws have been struck down, but today felon disenfranchisement laws accomplish what poll taxes and literacy tests ultimately could not. /F11 16 0 R /Font 7 0 obj /F4 156 0 R /F1 31 0 R Engaging History. 117 0 obj<< �;3a�L�`�"�@ء�;�ܼ��Fv1Rp�L*K�=HzYE)=G R�b�՞�f36��ۙ��#���!M�� >> /F10 17 0 R /F6 172 0 R /F4 286 0 R /XObject 22 0 R /F9 249 0 R /F1 209 0 R /XObject 312 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] /F1 111 0 R 53 0 obj<< /Length 4870 /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] endstream endobj 18 0 obj <> endobj 19 0 obj <> endobj 20 0 obj <>stream /F1 241 0 R /F5 27 0 R /Parent 166 0 R /F1 14 0 R /F8 298 0 R /F12 15 0 R << /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] Tennessee enacted a law requiring the payment of a poll tax in a. /F12 32 0 R 3 Cro" out the word in this line Draw a line around the shortest wcxd in this line. /XObject 54 0 R /ProcSet 67 0 R /F11 275 0 R /F7 121 0 R /F11 323 0 R >>endobj When a jury has heard and rendered a verdict in a case, and the judgment on the verdict has become final, the defendant cannot again be brought to trial for the same cause. /F8 234 0 R Back to History for Kids /MediaBox [0 0 504.96 720] << /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding << >> (Source:Ferris State University Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia) /ProcSet 51 0 R /F8 314 0 R /F4 270 0 R /ProcSet 325 0 R /F4 108 0 R /F7 203 0 R /Type /Page /Font ���I�-�*��R#�F�޴�)�F�F���;�����_�s?B�^��dwDTwyI�~�c�=��эq0��T>�u��ßn�F����弲o�!�$���8o~���Q�S9ה�t�-�A�(z�q����qT�n��� �O�fBC���fCi� ����2���&����a�0cZ�f�4bD���x�YN�C��;?�8���Wf#�lo��B��g�]�m����(Y*_-|4���S���#�)�"���W9����a>�b+k�]�������M=�D?��ǬK��g;=B���fr =�|���C�����;�q�w���:j�c܋�4C̚��$��ܬo�v���Pg�O������x��fBs3�]3��8J���c����Uϋ�r ��\��ˠ��]Ba����C� ��k�X� ‚��= � g��d%E�v�^�xV J����N�#�宩�-"�1s8�ݮ��e%����'D�m��Jh�;S�E+J ш��:���}����U8��fj�z�)Pdi}�ؤ�"����� F���>o�+D�c,G���X���@흶e� !�^�ѢC�U��{WJ�3b�o���ZH���޶�נ�Km��F^� 'y�\��K>�MHb~M�VZ�v��8Q:%�0�`-@A2�x ��Y����� /J9���B�},g�i�h�ۓ���]WF���Z�9xJ�Mj��;�G�&�+aw:~k��f�ƺ���v�p���@��.2�u��W?�{��h������f�' �^���G��WA���t�N9̇�,���ə|w{Y�mր�Xt�0��muQ�Y"�l�I)KMبd����Y���m�M!XJ���v��!�?rlv�-�LJZ�73�O������ /F5 253 0 R /F2 126 0 R /F10 324 0 R endobj /Resources >>stream /F3 141 0 R /F1 177 0 R /Subtype /Type1 – 1). 2Following Reconstruction, the passage of Jim Crow laws in the South limited the effectiveness of Base your answers to questions 3 through 5 on this discussion and on your knowledge of social studies. /Type /Page /F12 48 0 R >>endobj >> /Contents 132 0 R /BaseFont /Times-BoldItalic 166 0 obj<>endobj /Type /Font -Students will examine the 1965 Alabama Literacy test to determine if any of the Reconstruction Amendments were violated. /F8 218 0 R /XObject 70 0 R The clause stated that even if a man failed the literacy test or could not afford the poll tax, he was still entitled to vote if he, his father, or his grandfather had been eligible to vote before January 1, 1867. /F8 250 0 R << . endobj /F5 107 0 R /F7 315 0 R /F2 62 0 R << h�b```a``b��^�����,�=v^a`x��� a! /F3 157 0 R >> >> : U.S. England Russia 25 law was passed by the legislature of a. 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