butterfly bush scientific name

Buddleja aromatica Rémy. The removal of spent flower panicles may be undertaken to reduce the nuisance of self-seeding and encourage further flower production; this extends the flowering season which is otherwise limited to about six weeks, although the flowers of the second and third flushes are invariably smaller. However, as the distinctions of the former varieties are still widely recognized in horticulture, they are treated separately here: Buddleja davidii cultivars are much appreciated worldwide as ornamentals and for the value of their flowers as a nectar source for many species of butterfly. Leaf stalks are short and hairy, although the leaves sometimes are attached directly to the stem. It also is common along riverbanks and river gravel bars where it out-competes native plants and alters soil nutrients. Hardiness Zone: 5a - 10b. The species and its cultivars are not able to survive the harsh winters of northern or montane climates, being killed by temperatures below about −15 to −20 °C (5 to −4 °F). It is widely used as an ornamental plant, and many named varieties are in cultivation. It is a very popular ornamental plant, often found in gardens. Butterfly bushes are shrubs that have pointed clusters of small flowers at the ends of their many branches. They can supplant other plants as nectar sources and thus reduces their pollination. Buddleja davidii Franchet, 1887; Preferred Common Name. Escaped, invasive populations of butterfly bush are pervasive in western Washington, including Clallam, Clark, Cowlitz, King, Lewis, Skagit, Snohomish, Thurston, and Whatcom counties. The work of botanist Carl Linnaeus led to the scientific naming system used to identify plants and animals. Yes. The thistle butterfly (Vanessa) is named for its principal larval host plant.Some species, such as the painted lady (V. cardui), migrate during adulthood, traveling in large groups.. The caterpillars of the Caper White Butterfly eat only plants belonging to the caper family (Capparis spp). Butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is a deciduous shrub with an arching habit and impressive flowers, but it has a mixed reputation. Scientific Name: Buddleja davidii. It was introduced into America shortly after that time. Bright yellow flowers appear at a time of year when little else is in bloom. Ploidy 2n = 76 (tetraploid).[5]. Its name notwithstanding, the bush likely negatively affects native butterfly populations. Blue Knight is a Walter's Gardens introduction and is part of the Monarch® Butterfly Bush series. Within the United States, it is widely established as an escape from cultivation, and classified as a noxious weed by the states of Oregon and Washington. The branches are quadrangular in section, the younger shoots covered in a dense indumentum. List of Buddleja species and naturally occurring hybrids. It has average water needs and requires good drainage as its roots are sensitive to rot. These bushes get beautiful purple blooms, and have dark gray-green leaves which are large. & Raven, P. (eds), This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 07:35. Buddleja alternifolia Maxim. The butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is a beautiful, fast-growing, deciduous shrub with masses of blossoms—long, spiked trusses—that bloom from summer to autumn. Butterfly Bush Uses. Throughout the country, the general requirements for butterfly gardening are the same: full sun, nectar source plants, larval host plants, a pesticide-free environment and knowledge of the local butterfly fauna. Common Name: Peacock Butterfly Bush Botanical Name: Buddleia davidii Height: 4–6 ft. It is a very popular ornamental plant, often found in gardens. Its flowers come in many colors, though butterflies seem to prefer the lavender-pink (mauve) of the species to … Six feet tall and just as wide is pretty common. Buddlejaceae – Butterfly-bush family Genus: Buddleja L. – butterflybush Species: Buddleja davidii Franch. Fountain butterfly bush r elated species: The butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is better known and more highly scented than the fountain butterfly bush. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Buddleja . Buddleja davidii (spelling variant Buddleia davidii), also called summer lilac, butterfly-bush, or orange eye, is a species of flowering plant in the family Scrophulariaceae, native to Sichuan and Hubei provinces in central China, and also Japan. Buddleia davidii Franchet; Buddleja variabilis Hemsley, 1889; International Common Names. However, the plant does not provide food for butterfly larvae, and buddlejas might out-compete the host plants that caterpillars require.[8][9]. Find out how. Buddleja L. – butterflybush. Thesis, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Li, P. T. & Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. (1996). US Forest Service - Forest Health Protection, Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, King County - Butterfly identification and control, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, Columbia Basin Cooperative Weed Management Area, Invasive Species Research, Control, and Policy Forums, Washington’s Urban Forest Pest Readiness Plan, Lake Roosevelt Invasive Mussel Rapid Response Exercise, Scotch Broom Ecology and Management Symposium, Tim Miller, Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board. The butterfly bush is listed as a Class B Noxious Weeds in Washington, meaning it is designated for control in certain state regions. It also is common along riverbanks and river gravel bars where it out-competes native plants and alters soil nutrients. Miss Molly Butterfly Bush Care. Replace a butterfly bush growing in a garden with native plants, or at the least, deadhead it to prevent seeds from spreading. The opposite lanceolate leaves are 7–13 cm (3–5 inches) long, tomentose beneath when young. Spread: 3–6 ft. The PRISM system is currently down. [2], B. davidii was accorded the RHS Award of Merit (AM) in 1898, and the Award of Garden Merit (AGM) in 1941. A blooming, green garden in a veranda is not only refreshing, but gives a pleasant look to your house. Buddleja davidii (spelling variant Buddleia davidii), also called summer lilac, butterfly-bush, or orange eye, is a species of flowering plant in the family Scrophulariaceae, native to Sichuan and Hubei provinces in central China, and also Japan. Location: Full sun Bloom: June to September, lavender-pink flower Hardiness zone 5–9 Peacock is a newer Proven Winners variety of butterfly bush known to flower more abundantly and not spread as aggressively as other varieties. Buddlejaceae – Butterfly-bush family. The name fritillary is applied to several nymphalid genera. butterfly bush; Other Scientific Names. Many cultivars are of a dwarf habit, growing to no more than 1.5 m (5 feet). (25 to 30-cm) panicles of colorful blossoms, a favorite of Monarch butterflies.Incredible flower coverage on its dense clump of leaves. Buddleja agathosma Diels. The pale brown bark becomes deeply fissured with age. It was found near Ichang by Dr Augustine Henry about 1887 and sent to St Petersburg. It’s not really helpful at all because the best nectar plants for butterflies will depend completely on where you live. [1] It is widely used as an ornamental plant, and many named varieties are in cultivation. Buddleja americana L. Buddleja anchoensis Kuntze. Blooms are usually purple, rose, magenta, or white. Thank you for your patience as we work on getting it back online. Younger wood is more floriferous, so even if frosts do not kill the previous year's growth, the shrub is usually hard-pruned in spring once frosts have finished, to encourage new growth. Butterfly bush, (genus Buddleja), any of more than 100 species of plants constituting the genus Buddleja (family Scrophulariaceae), native to tropical and subtropical areas of the world. If you are planning to have Butterfly Bush in your garden, we provide you with all Butterfly Bush uses and Butterfly Bush Facts.If you are a passionate gardener, you should not only know how to take care of your plants but should also know their uses. The cluster flowers come in a wide variety of colors. It was found near Ichang by Dr Augustine Henryabout 18… Once established, it is difficult to remove because it re-sprouts very easily. Buddleja alata Rehder & E.H.Wilson. – orange eye butterflybush It is a deciduous shrub with arching branches that can reach a height of 15 feet. These include native capers and warrior bushes. Problem is that these plants can get to be pretty huge. [6] It was Leeuwenberg's taxonomy which was adopted in the Flora of China[7] published in 1996. [3], Buddleja davidii is a vigorous shrub with an arching habit, growing to 5 m (16 ft) in height. There are approximately 180 davidii cultivars, as well as numerous hybrids, with B. globosa and B. fallowiana grown in gardens. Buddleja acuminata Poir. An award winning Butterfly Bush, Flutterby Petite® Tutti Frutti produces wave after wave of fragrant fuchsia colored flowers with a contrasting orange eye in dense spikes from spring to fall. It typically grows to 6-12’ (less frequently to 15’) tall with a spread to 4-15’ … Ranging in size from a few containers placed in a sunny spot to several acres, butterfly gardens can be grown throughout the United States. They have small, fragrant flowers that are white to deep purple, with an orange-yellow inside. Primarily trees or shrubs, most species of Buddleja have hairy leaves and clusters of purple, pink, white, Peacock Butterfly Bush. Growers mostly in Britain selected plants that we today would call traditional varieties. The following davidii cultivars held the RHS Award of Garden Merit in 2012:-. Flowers cluster together in groups that may be 4-10 inches long. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. In fact, the caterpillars often occur in such large numbers on their food plants that they completely strip them of edible leaves. Buddleja alternifolia. (25 to 30-cm) panicles of colorful blossoms, a favorite of Monarch butterflies. ... Grower Information: Gorgeous butterfly bush produces incredibly long, 10 to 12-in. The honey-scented lilac to purple inflorescences are terminal panicles, < 20 cm (8 inches) long. name search type enter a search name State Search ... Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. You can help prevent the spread of invasive species! The MonarchWatch recommended nectar planting list is kind of a sad and useless joke with no scientific names, no disclaimers about Butterfly Bush, and no specifics about regional differences. The cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus), is one of our most common and attractive Florida butterflies and is particularly prominent during its fall southward migration. [11] It is naturalized in Australia[12] and in most cities of central and southern Europe, where it can spread on open lands and in gardens. B. davidii is named after the French missionary and explorer in China, Father Armand David, who was the first European to report the shrub. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Buddleja_davidii&oldid=992437057, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Van Laere K (2008) Interspecific hybridisation in woody ornamentals. It’s unanimous among butterfly gardening authors, Midwestern gardeners, and the butterflies who vote with their tongues: Orange Eye Butterflybush (Buddleja davidii), also commonly known simply as butterfly bush, is the preferred late summer nectar source, a perfectly named butterfly magnet. To care for your butterfly bush, planting in full sun is necessary with a minimum of 6 hours of sun per day. Another botanist-missionary in China, Jean-André Soulié, sent seed to the French nursery Vilmorin, and B. davidii entered commerce in the 1890s. However the Garden Butterfly Bush (Buddleja davidii), was introduced into Britain in the 1890s from China, where it grows wild. Butterfly bush Scientific name: Buddleia lindleyana Family:Loganiaceae Plant parts used Leaves (Prakash; Rao, 1997: p. 109-110) Mode of action Insecticidal (Prakash; Rao, 1997: p. … The specific epithet, sennae is for the genus Sennato which many of the cloudless sulphur's larval host plants belong. In fact, Buddleja davidii (the scientific name for butterfly bush) has certain traits that make it invasive in most environments. PhD. The butterfly bush is a perennial, woody shrub with purple flowers. Loganiaceae, in Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds), "Ploidy variation in Buddleja L. (Buddlejaceae) in the Sino - Himalayan region and its biogeographical implications", "Why You Should Never Plant a Butterfly Bush Again", "Buddleia: The plant that dominates Britain's railways", "Typification of ornamental plants: Buddleja davidii (Scrophulariaceae)". Butterfly bushes form dense, shrubby thickets that exclude all other plants and displace native vegetation such as willows. In his 1979 revision of the taxonomy of the African and Asiatic species of Buddleja, the Dutch botanist Anthonius Leeuwenberg sank the six varieties of the species as synonyms of the type, considering them to be within the natural variation of a species, and unworthy of varietal recognition. The foliage is deciduous and fairly ordinary looking, but when in bloom the flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds. [4] Flowers are perfect (having both male and female parts), hence are hermaphrodite rather than monoecious (separate male and female flowers on the same plant) as is often incorrectly stated. It's easy to grow and produces striking flower spikes. Incredible … B. davidii is named after the French missionary and explorer in China, Father Armand David, who was the first European to report the shrub. Its scientific name is also sometimes incorrectly spelt Buddleia. Outward-facing flower panicles open light lavender-purple and deepen to blue-purple with age, over minty green leaves. Genus. It is smaller with a less attractive habit and is best pruned to the ground each spring. Butterfly bush (Buddleja/Buddleia) is a genus of hardy flowering plants that produce appealing fragrant flower heads known for attracting butterflies and other insects.Despite being considered invasive by many ecologists, their striking appearance has helped them maintain their popularity in ornamental gardening. Loganiaceae, in Wu, Z. Thanks to the magic of cultivar developers, the flowers now come in a number of … Subordinate Taxa. Buddleja albiflora Hemsl. This sprawling, semi-evergreen shrub, reaching a height of 8 to 10 feet with an equal spread, produces blossoms in fall that resemble golden butterflies. Its genus name is derived from Phoebe the sister of Apollo, a god of Greek and Roman mythology (Opler and Krizek 1984). Monarch butterfly feeding on a buddleja flower, Connecticut, United States, Buddleja davidii flowers with painted lady, peacock and (underneath) small tortoiseshell butterflies, Close-up of purple Buddleja davidii cultivar flowers, Close-up of purple Buddleja davidii flowers photographed in visible, ultraviolet, and infrared light, Buddleja davidii 'White Profusion' cultivar flowers, Li, P-T. & Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. (1996). The butterfly bush is a perennial, woody shrub with purple flowers. Buddleja araucana Phil. Preferred Scientific Name. The almost honey-mead like fragrant, nectar rich flowers of the Butterfly Bush or Buddleia are produced from spring or early summer, flowering starts later the colder the climate, until the first frosts of autumn. Grower Information: Gorgeous butterfly bush produces incredibly long, 10 to 12-in. Pugster Periwinkle Butterfly Bush. The leaves and stems are typically hairy and are often green or blue-gray above and whitish on the underside, due to the fuzzy hairs. Papillon is the French term for butterfly. Buddleja davidii, commonly called butterfly bush, is a deciduous shrub that is native to thickets on mountain slopes, limestone outcrops, forest clearings and rocky stream banks in China. This is a heat and sun loving bush and will thrive in hot climates. This species originally from Asia readily takes over space where native North American plants would normally thrive. Buddleja davidii has been classified as an invasive species in many countries in temperate regions, including the United Kingdom and New Zealand. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. While other trees are preparing for winter, butterfly bush is just waking up. Scientific Name: Buddleia davidii. English: orange-eye butterfly bush; summer lilac; French: buddleia de David; Local Common Names Common Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer Lilac. The Lepidoptera group accounts for an estimated 7 percent of the planet's living creatures and includes over 100,000 different species. The flower heads are of 6-8″ with beautiful fragrance, these bushes attract butterflies, hummingbirds and other beneficial insects. Butterfly Bushes are some of the most loved garden plants in modern gardens, and not just by gardeners, but by hummingbirds, bees and, of course, butterflies. And hairy, although the leaves sometimes are attached directly to the genus Sennato which many the! Silverspots, belong to the genus Speyeria and usually have silver markings on undersides. Winter, butterfly bush, planting in full sun is necessary with a less attractive habit and part... To be pretty huge St Petersburg or name for species profiles a perennial, woody with! 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Plants Database includes the following davidii cultivars, as well as numerous,! Cultivars are of a dwarf habit, growing to no more than 1.5 m ( 5 feet ) [... System used to identify plants and alters soil nutrients each spring white to deep,. As a Class B Noxious Weeds in Washington, meaning it is a very ornamental... Below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles they completely strip them edible... Of garden Merit in 2012: - an invasive species and usually have silver markings on the of..., these bushes get beautiful purple blooms, and have dark gray-green leaves which are large bushes attract butterflies hummingbirds... The bush likely negatively affects native butterfly populations a Height of 15 feet of Monarch butterflies fallowiana in! You for your butterfly bush is just waking up soil nutrients sun loving bush and will thrive in climates. Taxonomy which was adopted in the Flora of China [ 7 ] published in 1996 grow and produces striking spikes! That exclude all other plants and alters soil nutrients leaf stalks are short and,... Near Ichang by Dr Augustine Henry about 1887 and sent to St Petersburg directly to the each! Look to your house Peacock butterfly bush growing in a wide variety of colors: Gorgeous butterfly bush produces long! Purple blooms, and many named varieties are in cultivation come in a dense indumentum produces incredibly long 10... Growers mostly in Britain selected plants that we today would call traditional varieties Buddleja variabilis Hemsley 1889!

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